Annual Publication Lists

1996 Publications

Ackerman, A.S., and O.B. Toon, 1996: Unrealistic desiccation of marine stratocumulus clouds by enhanced solar absorption. Nature, 380, 512-515, doi:10.1038/380512a0.

Andres, R.J., G. Marland, I. Fung, and E. Matthews, 1996: A 1° × 1° distribution of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1950-1990. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 419-429, doi:10.1029/96GB01523.

Canuto, V., M.S. Dubovikov, Y. Cheng, and A. Dienstfrey, 1996: Dynamical model for turbulence. III. Numerical results. Phys. Fluids, 8, 599-613, doi:10.1063/1.868844.

Canuto, V.M., 1996: Turbulent convection: Old and new models. Astrophys. J., 467, 385-396, doi:10.1086/177613.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1996: A dynamical model for turbulence. I. General formalism. Phys. Fluids, 8, 571-585, doi:10.1063/1.868842.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1996: A dynamical model for turbulence. II. Shear-driven flows. Phys. Fluids, 8, 587-598, doi:10.1063/1.868843.

Canuto, V.M., I. Goldman, and I. Mazzitelli, 1996: Stellar turbulent convection: A self-consistent model. Astrophys. J., 473, 550-559, doi:10.1086/178166.

Cess, R.D., M.H. Zhang, W.J. Ingram, G.L. Potter, V. Alekseev, H.W. Barker, E. Cohen-Solal, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M.R. Dix, V. Dymnikov, M. Esch, L.D. Fowler, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, H. Le Treut, K.K.-W. Lo, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, M.E. Schelsinger, P.V. Sporyshev, B. Timbal, E.M. Volodin, K.E. Taylor, W. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, 1996: Cloud feedback in atmospheric general circulation models: An update. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12791-12794, doi:10.1029/96JD00822.

Chandler, M., 1996: Trees retreat and ice advances. Nature, 381, 477-478, doi:10.1038/381477a0.

Curry, J.A., W.B. Rossow, D. Randall, and J.L. Schramm, 1996: Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. J. Climate, 9, 1731-1764, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1731:OOACAR>2.0.CO;2.

Dai, A., 1996: Global Precipitation Variability and Its Relationship with Other Climate Changes. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: GCM implications for mechanisms determining cloud and water vapor feedbacks. In Climate Sensitivity to Radiative Perturbations: Physical Mechanisms and Their Validation, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 34. H. Le Treut, Ed. Springer-Verlag, pp. 107-125.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: Observational requirements for modeling of global and regional climate change. In Radiation and Water in the Climate System: Remote Measurements, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 45. E. Raschke, Ed. Springer-Verlag, pp. 31-57.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: TRMM: The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission. In Radiation and Water in the Climate System: Remote Measurements, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 45. E. Raschke, Ed. Springer-Verlag, pp. 549-567.

Del Genio, A.D., M.-S. Yao, W. Kovari, and K.K.-W. Lo, 1996: A prognostic cloud water parameterization for global climate models. J. Climate, 9, 270-304, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0270:APCWPF>2.0.CO;2.

Del Genio, A.D., and W. Zhou, 1996: Simulations of superrotation of slowly rotating planets: Sensitivity to rotation and initial condition. Icarus, 120, 332-343, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0054.

Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 1996: African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey. Clim. Res., 7, 71-83.

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1996: The sensitivity of African wave disturbances to remote forcing. J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 1100-1110, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<1100:TSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Dubovikov, M.S., 1996: Multiple scattering of hard γ quanta in a medium. Phys. Rev. E, 53, 1156-1165, doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.53.1156.

Foster, J., G. Liston, R. Koster, R. Essery, H. Behr, L. Dumenil, D. Verseghy, S. Thompson, D. Pollard, and J.L. Cohen, 1996: Snow cover and snow mass intercomparisons of general circulation models and remotely sensed datasets. J. Climate, 9, 409-426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0409:SCASMI>2.0.CO;2.

Fung, I., 1996: The global carbon cycle and the atmospheric record: "The problem definition". In Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 40. M.J. Apps and D.T. Price, Eds. Springer-Verlag, pp. 25-34.

Garraffo, Z.D., and V.M. Kamenkovich, 1996: A note on the transport of the Brazil Current. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1629-1632, doi:10.1029/96GL01369.

Green, S., and W.M. Huo, 1996: Quantum calculations for line shapes in Raman spectra of molecular nitrogen. J. Chem. Phys., 104, doi:10.1063/1.471467.

Green, S., H.-M. Keller, R. Schinke, and H.-J. Werner, 1996: Vibration-rotation excitation of CO by hot hydrogen atoms: Comparison of two potential energy surfaces. J. Chem. Phys., 105, 5416-5422, doi:10.1063/1.472382.

Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and R. Reynolds, 1996: Global surface air temperature in 1995: Return to pre-Pinatubo level. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1665-1668, doi:10.1029/96GL01040.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, G. Caliri, M. Campbell, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, M. Fox, C. Johnson, J. Lerner, M.P. McCormick, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, A. Morrison, L. Pandolfo, I. Ramberran, F. Zaucker, M. Robinson, P. Russell, K. Shah, P. Stone, I. Tegen, L. Thomason, J. Wilder, and H. Wilson, 1996: A Pinatubo climate modeling investigation. In The Mount Pinatubo Eruption: Effects on the Atmosphere and Climate, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 42. G. Fiocco, D. Fua, and G. Visconti, Eds. Springer-Verlag, pp. 233-272.

Hovenier, J.W., K. Lumme, M.I. Mishchenko, N.V. Voshchinnikov, D.W. Mackowski, and J. Rahola, 1996: Computations of scattering matrices of four types of non-spherical particles using diverse methods. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 695-705, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00067-2.

Huo, W.M., and S. Green, 1996: Quantum calculations for rotational energy transfer in nitrogen molecule collisions. J. Chem. Phys., 104, 7572-7589, doi:10.1063/1.471466.

Iglesias, A., L. Erda, and C. Rosenzweig, 1996: Climate change in Asia: A review of the vulnerability and adaptation of crop production. Water Air Soil Pollut., 92, 13-27, doi:10.1007/BF00175549.

Jin, Y., W.B. Rossow, and D.P. Wylie, 1996: Comparison of the climatologies of high-level clouds from HIRS and ISCCP. J. Climate, 9, 2850-2854, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2850:COTCOH>2.0.CO;2.

Kiang, N., and L. Schipper, 1996: Energy trends in Japan's transportation sector. Transport Policy, 3, 21-35, doi:10.1016/0967-070X(96)00001-7.

Kneller, M.L., 1996: Paleoclimate from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Present: Pollen and Plant Macrofossil Records from the United States Southeast Accompanied by a Goddard Institute for Space Studies General Circulation Model Simulation. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Knox, J., 1996: The evolving world of the post-doctoral research scientist. Natl. Forum, 76:4, 7-8.

Koch, D.M., D.J. Jacob, and W.C. Graustein, 1996: Vertical transport of tropospheric aerosols as indicated by 7Be and 210Pb in a chemical tracer model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 18651-18666, doi:10.1029/96JD01176.

Koch, D.M., and M. Manga, 1996: Neutrally buoyant diapirs: A model for Venus coronae. J. Geophys. Res., 23, 225-228, doi:10.1029/95GL03776.

Koch, D.M., and M.E. Mann, 1996: Spatial and temporal variability of 7Be surface concentrations. Tellus, 48B, 387-396, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.48.issue3.1.x.

Lean, J., and D. Rind, 1996: The sun and climate. Consequences, 2, 27-36.

Lin, B., and W.B. Rossow, 1996: Seasonal variation of liquid and ice water path in nonprecipitating clouds over oceans. J. Climate, 9, 2890-2902, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2890:SVOLAI>2.0.CO;2.

Ma, Q., R.H. Tipping, and C. Boulet, 1996: The frequency detuning and band-average approximations in a far-wing line shape theory satisfying detailed balance. J. Chem. Phys., 104, 9678-9688, doi:10.1063/1.471730.

Macke, A., and M.I. Mishchenko, 1996: Applicability of regular particle shapes in light scattering calculations for atmospheric ice particles. Appl. Opt., 35, 4291-4296, doi:10.1364/AO.35.004291.

Macke, A., M.I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns, 1996: The influence of inclusions on light scattering by large ice particles. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 23311-23316, doi:10.1029/96JD02364.

Macke, A., J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, 1996: Single scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2813-2825, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2813:SSPOAI>2.0.CO;2.

Mackowski, D.W., and M.I. Mishchenko, 1996: Calculation of the T matrix and the scattering matrix for ensembles of spheres. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, 13, 2266-2277, doi:10.1364/JOSAA.13.002266.

McLaughlin, F.A., E.C. Carmack, R.W. Macdonald, and J.K.B. Bishop, 1996: Physical and geochemical properties across the Atlantic/Pacific water mass front in the southern Canadian Basin. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1183-1197, doi:10.1029/95JC02634.

Mearns, L.O., C. Rosenzweig, and R. Goldberg, 1996: The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study. Climatic Change, 32, 257-292, doi:10.1007/BF00142465.

Miller, R.L., and X. Jiang, 1996: Surface energy fluxes and couple variability in the tropics of a coupled general circulation model. J. Climate, 9, 1599-1620, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1599:SEFACV>2.0.CO;2.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1996: Coherent backscattering by two-sphere clusters. Opt. Lett., 21, 623-625, doi:10.1364/OL.21.000623.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1996: Diffuse and coherent backscattering by discrete random media. I. Radar reflectivity, polarization ratios, and enhancement factors for a half-space of polydisperse, nonabsorbing and absorbing spherical particles. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 56, 673-702, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(96)00117-3.

Mishchenko, M.I., and D.W. Mackowski, 1996: Electromagnetic scattering by randomly oriented bispheres: Comparison of theory and experiment and benchmark calculations. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 683-694, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00011-8.

Mishchenko, M.I., W.B. Rossow, A. Macke, and A.A. Lacis, 1996: Sensitivity of cirrus cloud albedo, bidirectional reflectance and optical thickness retrieval accuracy to ice particle shape. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 16973-16985, doi:10.1029/96JD01155.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and A. Macke, 1996: Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders. Appl. Opt., 35, 4927-4940, doi:10.1364/AO.35.004927.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and D.W. Mackowski, 1996: T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: A review. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 535-575, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00002-7.

Mitchell, D.L., A. Macke, and Y. Liu, 1996: Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2967-2988, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2967:MCCPIT>2.0.CO;2.

O'Connell, S., M.A. Chandler, and R. Ruedy, 1996: Implications for the creation of warm saline deep water: Late Paleocene reconstructions and global climte model simulations. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 100, 270-284.

Öquist, M.G., B.H. Svensson, P. Groffman, M. Taylor, K.B. Bartlett, M. Boko, J. Brouwer, O.F. Canzini, C.B. Craft, J. Laine, D. Larsen, P.J. Martikainen, E. Matthews, W. Mullié, S. Page, C.J. Richardson, J. Rieley, N. Roulet, J. Silviola, and Y. Zhang, 1996: Non-tidal wetlands. In Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses, IPCC Second Assessment Report. R. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera, and R.H. Moss, Eds. Cambridge University Press, pp. 215-239.

Orton, G.S., J.R. Spencer, L.D. Travis, T.Z. Martin, and L.K. Tamppari, 1996: Galileo Photopolarimeter-Radiometer observations of Jupiter and the Galilean Satellites. Science, 274, 389-391, doi:10.1126/science.274.5286.389.

Overpeck, J., D. Rind, A. Lacis, and R. Healy, 1996: Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period. Nature, 384, 447-449, doi:10.1038/384447a0.

Parry, M.L., J.E. Hossell, P.J. Jones, T. Rehman, R.B. Tranter, J.S. Marsh, C. Rosenzweig, G. Fischer, I.G. Carson, and R.G.H. Bunce, 1996: Integrating global and regional analyses of the effects of climate change: A case study of land use in England and Wales. Climatic Change, 32, 185-198, doi:10.1007/BF00143709.

Phillips, T.R., S. Maluendes, and S. Green, 1996: Collisional excitation of H2O by H2 molecules. Astrophys. J. Supp. Series, 107, 467-474, doi:10.1086/192372.

Rampino, M.R., and B.M. Haggerty, 1996: Impact crises and mass extinctions: A working hypothesis. In The Cretaceous-Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History, Geol. Soc. Amer. SP-307. G. Ryder, D. Fastovsky, and S. Gartner, Eds., pp. 11-30.

Rampino, M.R., and B.M. Haggerty, 1996: The "Shiva Hypothesis": Impacts, mass extinctions, and the galaxy. Earth Moon Planets, 72, 441-460, doi:10.1007/BF00117548.

Rampino, M.R, and T. Volk, 1996: Multiple impact event in the Paleozoic: Collision with a string of comets or asteroids? Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 49-52, doi:10.1029/95GL03605.

Randall, D.A., B. Albrecht, S. Cox, D. Johnson, P. Minnis, W. Rossow, and D.O'C. Starr, 1996: On FIRE at ten. Adv. Geophys., 38, 37-177.

Randall, D.A., D.A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, A.S. Denning, P.J. Sellers, C.J. Tucker, L. Bounoua, J.A. Berry, G.J. Collatz, C.B. Field, S.O. Los, C.O. Justice, and I. Fung, 1996: A revised land surface parametrization (SiB2) for GCMs. Part III: The greening of the Colorado State University general circulation model. J. Climate, 9, 738-763, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0738:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2.

Randerson, J.T., M.V. Thompson, C.M. Malmstrom, C.B. Field, and I.Y. Fung, 1996: Substrate limitations for heterotrophs: Implications for models that estimate the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 585-602, doi:10.1029/96GB01981.

Rind, D., and J. Lerner, 1996: Use of on-line tracers as a diagnostic tool in general circulation model development: 1. Horizontal and vertical transport in the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12667-12683, doi:10.1029/96JD00551.

Rind, D., P. Lonergan, and K. Shah, 1996: Climatic effect of water vapor release in the upper troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29395-29405, doi:10.1029/96JD02747.

Rosenzweig, C., J. Phillips, R. Goldberg, J. Carroll, and T. Hodges, 1996: Potential impacts of climate change on citrus and potato production in the US. Agric. Systems, 52, 455-479, doi:10.1016/0308-521X(95)00059-E.

Rosenzweig, C., and F.N. Tubiello, 1996: Effects of changes in minimum and maximum temperature on wheat yields in the central US: A simulation study. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 80, 215-230, doi:10.1016/0168-1923(95)02299-6.

Rossow, W.B., C.L. Brest, and M. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Update of Radiance Calibrations. WMO/TD 736. World Climate Research Programme.

Rossow, W.B., A.W. Walker, D.E. Beuschel, and M.D. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Documentation of New Cloud Datasets. WMO/TD 737. World Climate Research Programme.

Sato, M., L.D. Travis, and K. Kawabata, 1996: Photopolarimetry analysis of the Venus atmosphere in polar regions. Icarus, 124, 569-585, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0231.

Schmidt, G.A., and L.A. Mysak, 1996: Can increased poleward oceanic heat flux explain the warm Cretaceous climate? Paleoceanography, 11, 579-593, doi:10.1029/96PA01851.

Schmidt, G.A., and L.A. Mysak, 1996: The stability of a zonally averaged thermohaline circulation model. Tellus, 48A, 158-178, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0870.1996.00009.x.

Scholl, L., L. Schipper, and N. Kiang, 1996: CO2 emissions from passenger transport: A comparison of international trends from 1973 to 1992. Energy Policy, 24, 17-30, doi:10.1016/0301-4215(95)00148-4.

Sellers, P.J, L. Bounoua, G.J. Collatz, D.A. Randall, D.A. Dazlich, S.O. Los, J.A. Berry, I. Fung, C.J. Tucker, C.B. Field, and T.G. Jensen, 1996: Comparison of radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 on climate. Science, 271, 1402-1406, doi:10.1126/science.271.5254.1402.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, and P. Lonergan, 1996: Could high-speed civil transport aircraft impact stratospheric and tropospheric temperatures measured by microwave sounding unit? J. Geophys. Res., 101, 28711-28721, doi:10.1029/96JD02721.

Shindell, D., and R.L. de Zafra, 1996: Chlorine monoxide in the Antarctic spring vortex. 2. A comparison of measured and modeled diurnal cycling over McMurdo Station, 1993. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1475-1487, doi:10.1029/95JD03354.

Smith, P.H., M.T. Lemmon, R.D. Lorenz, L.A. Sromovsky, J.J. Caldwell, and M.D. Allison, 1996: Titan's surface, revealed by HST imaging. Icarus, 119, 336-349, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0023.

Stothers, R.B., 1996: Major optical depth perturbations to the stratosphere from volcanic eruptions: Pyrheliometric period, 1881-1960. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 3901-3920, doi:10.1029/95JD03237.

Stothers, R.B., 1996: The Great Dry Fog of 1783. Climatic Change, 32, 79-89, doi:10.1007/BF00141279.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1996: Evolution of massive stars into luminous blue variables and Wolf-Rayet stars for a range of metallicities: Theory versus observation. Astrophys. J., 468, 842-850, doi:10.1086/177740.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1996: Metal dependencies of two convection theories for cool stellar envelopes. Astrophys. J., 469, 166-170, doi:10.1086/177768.

Tegen, I., and A.A. Lacis, 1996: Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 19237-19244, doi:10.1029/95JD03610.

Tegen, I., A.A. Lacis, and I. Fung, 1996: The influence of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils on the global radiation budget. Nature, 380, 419-422, doi:10.1038/380419a0.

Ying, R., and V.M. Canuto, 1996: Turbulence modelling over two-dimensional hills using an algebraic Reynolds stress expression. Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 77, 69-99, doi:10.1007/BF00121859.

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