Alumni Bibliographies

Publications by Leonard M. Druyan

Note: This citation list includes papers published while the author was on staff at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. It may also include publications from before or after that period if another GISS researcher was a co-author.

2018

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2018: Downscaling atmosphere-ocean global climate model precipitation simulations over Africa using bias-Corrected lateral and lower boundary conditions. Atmosphere, 9, no. 12, 493.

2017

Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2017: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 2: Precipitation. Mon. Weather Rev., 145, no. 1, 215-233, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0294.1.

2016

Druyan, L., and M. Fulakeza, 2016: Downscaling GISS ModelE boreal summer climate over Africa. Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3499-3515, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2880-y.

Xue, Y., F. De Sales, W.K. Lau, A. Boone, K.-M. Kim, C.R. Mechoso, G. Wang, F. Kucharski, K. Schiro, M. Hosaka, S. Li, L.M. Druyan, I. Seidou Sanda, W. Thiaw, N. Zeng, R.E. Comer, Y.-K. Lim, S. Mahanama, G. Song, Y. Gu, S.M. Hagos, M. Chin, S. Schubert, P. Dirmeyer, L.R. Leung, E. Kalnay, A. Kitoh, C.-H. Lu, N.M. Mahowald, and Z. Zhang, 2016: West African monsoon decadal variability and drought and surface-related forcings: Second West African Monsoon Modeling and Evaluation Project Experiment (WAMME II). Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3517-3545, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3224-2.

2015

Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., E. Mohino, C.R. Mechoso, C. Caminade, M. Biasutti, M. Gaetani, J. Garcia-Serrano, E.K. Vizy, K. Cook, Y. Xue, I. Polo, T. Losada, L. Druyan, B. Fontaine, J. Bader, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, L. Goddard, S. Janicot, A. Arribas, W. Lau, A. Colman, M. Vellinga, D.P. Rowell, F. Kucharski, and A. Voldoire, 2015: Variability and predictability of West African droughts: A review of the role of sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 28, no. 10, 4034-4060, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00130.1.

2014

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2014: The impact of the Atlantic cold tongue on West African monsoon onset in regional model simulations for 1998-2002. Int. J. Climatol., 35, no. 2, 275-287, doi:10.1002/joc.3980.

Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2014: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation. Mon. Weather Rev., 142, no. 4, 1588-1608, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1.

2013

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2013: Downscaling reanalysis over continental Africa with a regional model: NCEP versus ERA Interim forcing. Clim. Res., 56, 181-196, doi:10.3354/cr01152.

2012

Druyan, L.M. (Ed.), 2012: Climate Models. InTech.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Propagation of convective complexes observed by TRMM in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 6, 1-8, doi:10.2174/1874282301206010001.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Regional climate model applications for West Africa and the Tropical Eastern Atlantic. In Climate Models. L.M. Druyan, Ed. InTech, pp. 43-58.

2011

Druyan, L.M., 2011: Studies of 21st-century precipitation trends over West Africa. Int. J. Climatol., 31, 1415-1572, doi:10.1002/joc.2180.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2011: The sensitivity of African easterly waves to eastern tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperatures. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 113, 39-53, doi:10.1007/s00703-011-0145-9.

2010

Druyan, L.M., J. Feng, K.H. Cook, Y. Xue, M. Fulakeza, S.M. Hagos, A. Konaré, W. Moufama-Okia, D.P. Powell, E.K. Vizy, and S.S. Ibrah, 2010: The WAMME regional model intercomparison study. Clim. Dyn., 35, 175-192, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0676-7.

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and R. Worrell, 2010: Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 4, 1-11, doi:10.2174/1874282301004010001.

Lynn, B.H., C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, C. Hogrefe, L. Druyan, R. Healy, J. Dudhia, J. Rosenthal, and P. Kinney, 2010: Testing GISS-MM5 physics configurations for use in regional impacts studies. Climatic Change, 99, 567-587, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9729-5.

2009

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and E. Noble, 2009: Regional climate model simulation of the AMMA Special Observing Period #3 and the pre-Helene easterly wave. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 105, 191-210, doi:10.1007/s00703-009-0044-5.

Lynn, B.H., T.N. Carlson, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, L. Druyan, J. Cox, S. Gaffin, L. Parshall, and K. Civerolo, 2009: A modification to the NOAH LSM to simulate heat mitigation strategies in the New York City metropolitan area. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 48, 199-216, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1774.1.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Investigation of Hurricane Katrina characteristics for future, warmer climates. Clim. Res., 39, 75-86, doi:10.3354/cr00801.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Quantifying the sensitivity of simulated climate change to model configuration. Climatic Change, 92, 275-298, doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9494-x.

2008

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2008: The impact of vertical resolution on regional model simulation of the west African summer monsoon. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1293-1314, doi:10.1002/joc.1636.

2007

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2007: The spatial variability of regional model simulated June-September mean precipitation over West Africa. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031270.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2007: An analysis of the potential for extreme temperature change based on observations and model simulations. J. Climate, 20, 1539-1554, doi:10.1175/JCLI4219.1.

2006

Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2006: Mesoscale analyses of West African summer climate: Focus on wave disturbances. Clim. Dyn., 27, 459-481, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0141-9.

2005

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2005: Mesoscale climate analysis over West Africa. CLIVAR Exch., 10, no. 3, 34-35.

2004

Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2004: Land surface influences on the West African summer monsoon: Implications for synoptic disturbances. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 86, 261-273, doi:10.1007/s00703-003-0025-z.

Lynn, B.H., L. Druyan, C. Hogrefe, J. Dudhia, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, R. Healy, P. Kinney, and J. Rosenthal, 2004: Sensitivity of present and future surface temperatures to precipitation characteristics. Clim. Res., 28, 53-65.

2003

Roads, J., S. Chen, S. Cocke, L. Druyan, M. Fulakeza, T. LaRow, P. Lonergan, J.-H. Qian, and S. Zebiak, 2003: International Research Institute/Applied Research Centers (IRI/ARCs) regional model intercomparison over South America. J. Geophys. Res., 108, no. D14, 4425, doi:10.1029/2002JD003201.

Taleb, E.H., and L.M. Druyan, 2003: Relationships between rainfall and West African wave disturbances in station observations. Int. J. Climatol., 23, 305-313, doi:10.1002/joc.883.

2002

Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2002: Dynamic downscaling of seasonal climate predictions over Brazil. J. Climate, 15, 3411-3426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3411:DDOSCP>2.0.CO;2.

Fulakeza, M., L.M. Druyan, and T.N. Krishnamurti, 2002: A simple soil moisture scheme for regional climate simulations in the Tropics. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 79, 105-126, doi:10.1007/s703-002-8231-7.

2001

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 2001: A regional model study of synoptic features over West Africa. Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 1564-1577, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<1564:ARMSOS>2.0.CO;2.

2000

Druyan, L.M., M.B. Fulakeza, and W. Thiaw, 2000: Regional model simulations of African wave disturbance. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7231-7255, doi:10.1029/2000JD900017.

Druyan, L.M., K.P. Shah, M.A. Chandler, and D. Rind, 2000: GCM hindcasts of SST forced climate variability over agriculturally intensive regions. Climatic Change, 45, 279-322, doi:10.1023/A:1005571213805.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, L. Druyan, P. Lonergan, and M. Chandler, 2000: AGCM hindcasts with SST and other forcings: Responses from global to agricultural scales. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20025-20053, doi:10.1029/2000JD900019.

1999

Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and T. Eichler, 1999: A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis. Int. J. Climatol., 19, 607-617, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199905)19:6<607::AID-JOC383>3.0.CO;2-M.

1998

Druyan, L.M., 1998: The role of synoptic systems in the interannual variability of Sahel rainfall. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 65, 55-75, doi:10.1007/BF01030269.

1997

Druyan, L.M., P. Lonergan, and J.L. Cohen, 1997: Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2520-2530, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2520:CSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M.P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny, 1997: Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25679-25720, doi:10.1029/97JD01495.

1996

Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 1996: African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey. Clim. Res., 7, 71-83.

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1996: The sensitivity of African wave disturbances to remote forcing. J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 1100-1110, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<1100:TSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, G. Caliri, M. Campbell, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, M. Fox, C. Johnson, J. Lerner, M.P. McCormick, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, A. Morrison, L. Pandolfo, I. Ramberran, F. Zaucker, M. Robinson, P. Russell, K. Shah, P. Stone, I. Tegen, L. Thomason, J. Wilder, and H. Wilson, 1996: A Pinatubo climate modeling investigation. In The Mount Pinatubo Eruption: Effects on the Atmosphere and Climate, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 42. G. Fiocco, D. Fua, and G. Visconti, Eds. Springer-Verlag, pp. 233-272.

1995

Druyan, L., K. Shah, K.-W. Lo, J. Marengo, and G. Russell, 1995: Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 1061-1086, doi:10.1002/joc.3370151002.

1994

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1994: Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM. J. Climate, 7, 261-276, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0261:SOAWDW>2.0.CO;2.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1994: Tropical impacts of SST forcing: A case study for 1987 versus 1988. J. Climate, 7, 1316-1323, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<1316:TIOSFA>2.0.CO;2.

Marengo, J.A., and L.M. Druyan, 1994: Validation of model improvements for the GISS GCM. Clim. Dyn., 10, 163-179, doi:10.1007/s003820050041.

1993

Hastenrath, S., and L. Druyan, 1993: Circulation anomaly mechanisms in the tropical Atlantic sector during the Northeast Brazil rainy season: Results from the GISS general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14917-14923, doi:10.1029/93JD01284.

Marengo, J.A., L.M. Druyan, and S. Hastenrath, 1993: Observational and modelling studies of Amazonia interannual climate variability. Climatic Change, 23, 267-286, doi:10.1007/BF01091619.

1992

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1992: GCM simulation of the Sahel 1984 drought with alternative specifications of observed SST. Int. J. Climatol., 12, 521-526, doi:10.1002/joc.3370120508.

1991

Druyan, L.M., 1991: The sensitivity of sub-Saharan precipitation to Atlantic SST. Climatic Change, 18, 17-36, doi:10.1007/BF00142503.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1991: Modeling the differential impact of 1984 and 1950 sea-surface temperatures on Sahel rainfall. Int. J. Climatol., 11, 367-380, doi:10.1002/joc.3370110403.

1989

Druyan, L.M., 1989: Advances in the study of sub-Saharan drought. Int. J. Climatol., 9, 77-90, doi:10.1002/joc.3370090107.

Druyan, L.M., and R.D. Koster, 1989: Sources of Sahel precipitation for simulated drought and rainy seasons. J. Climate, 2, 1438-1446, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<1438:SOSPFS>2.0.CO;2.

1987

Druyan, L.M., 1987: GCM studies of the African summer monsoon. Clim. Dyn., 2, 117-126, doi:10.1007/BF01054494.

1986

Druyan, L.M., Z. Alperson, and T. Ben-Amram, 1986: Synoptic impacts of NOAA 6/TIROS N data on numerical circulation forecasts. J. Geophys. Res., 91, no. C2, 2249-2262, doi:10.1029/JC091iC02p02249.

1984

Chervin, R.M., and L.M. Druyan, 1984: The influence of ocean surface temperature gradient and continentality on the Walker circulation. Part I: Prescribed tropical changes. Mon. Weather Rev., 112, 1510-1523, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1510:TIOOST>2.0.CO;2.

1983

Druyan, L.M., J.R. Miller, and G.L. Russell, 1983: Atmospheric general circulation model simulations with an interactive ocean: Effects of sea surface temperature anomalies in the Arabian Sea. Atmos.-Ocean, 21, 94-106.

1982

Druyan, L.M., 1982: Studies of the Indian summer monsoon with a coarse-mesh general circulation model, part II. J. Climatol., 2, 347-355, doi:10.1002/joc.3370020405.

1981

Druyan, L.M., 1981: The use of global circulation models in the study of the Indian Ocean monsoon. J. Climatol., 1, 77-92.

1975

Druyan, L.M., R.C.J. Somerville, and W.J. Quirk, 1975: Extended-range forecasts with GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 103, 779-795, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1975)103<0779:ERFWTG>2.0.CO;2.

1974

Druyan, L.M., 1974: Short-range forecasts with the GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 102, 269-279, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1974)102<0269:SRFWTG>2.0.CO;2.

Somerville, R.C.J., P.H. Stone, M. Halem, J.E. Hansen, J.S. Hogan, L.M. Druyan, G. Russell, A.A. Lacis, W.J. Quirk, and J. Tenenbaum, 1974: The GISS model of the global atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 84-117, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1974)031<0084:TGMOTG>2.0.CO;2.

1973

Druyan, L.M., 1973: Objective sea-level pressure analysis for data-sparse areas. J. Appl. Meteorol., 12, 253-263, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1973)012<0255:OSLPAF>2.0.CO;2.

1972

Druyan, L.M., 1972: Objective analysis of sea-level winds and pressures derived from simulated observations of a satellite radar-radiometer and actual conventional data. J. Appl. Meteorol., 11, 413-428, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1972)011<0413:OAOSLW>2.0.CO;2.

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