Author Bibliographies

Publications by Leonard M. Druyan


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2018: Downscaling atmosphere-ocean global climate model precipitation simulations over Africa using bias-Corrected lateral and lower boundary conditions. Atmosphere, 9, no. 12, 493.


Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2017: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 2: Precipitation. Mon. Weather Rev., 145, no. 1, 215-233, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0294.1.


Druyan, L., and M. Fulakeza, 2016: Downscaling GISS ModelE boreal summer climate over Africa. Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3499-3515, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2880-y.

Xue, Y., F. De Sales, W.K. Lau, A. Boone, K.-M. Kim, C.R. Mechoso, G. Wang, F. Kucharski, K. Schiro, M. Hosaka, S. Li, L.M. Druyan, I. Seidou Sanda, W. Thiaw, N. Zeng, R.E. Comer, Y.-K. Lim, S. Mahanama, G. Song, Y. Gu, S.M. Hagos, M. Chin, S. Schubert, P. Dirmeyer, L.R. Leung, E. Kalnay, A. Kitoh, C.-H. Lu, N.M. Mahowald, and Z. Zhang, 2016: West African monsoon decadal variability and drought and surface-related forcings: Second West African Monsoon Modeling and Evaluation Project Experiment (WAMME II). Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3517-3545, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3224-2.


Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., E. Mohino, C.R. Mechoso, C. Caminade, M. Biasutti, M. Gaetani, J. Garcia-Serrano, E.K. Vizy, K. Cook, Y. Xue, I. Polo, T. Losada, L. Druyan, B. Fontaine, J. Bader, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, L. Goddard, S. Janicot, A. Arribas, W. Lau, A. Colman, M. Vellinga, D.P. Rowell, F. Kucharski, and A. Voldoire, 2015: Variability and predictability of West African droughts: A review of the role of sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 28, no. 10, 4034-4060, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00130.1.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2014: The impact of the Atlantic cold tongue on West African monsoon onset in regional model simulations for 1998-2002. Int. J. Climatol., 35, no. 2, 275-287, doi:10.1002/joc.3980.

Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2014: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation. Mon. Weather Rev., 142, no. 4, 1588-1608, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2013: Downscaling reanalysis over continental Africa with a regional model: NCEP versus ERA Interim forcing. Clim. Res., 56, 181-196, doi:10.3354/cr01152.


Druyan, L.M. (Ed.), 2012: Climate Models. InTech.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Propagation of convective complexes observed by TRMM in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 6, 1-8, doi:10.2174/1874282301206010001.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Regional climate model applications for West Africa and the Tropical Eastern Atlantic. In Climate Models. L.M. Druyan, Ed. InTech, pp. 43-58.


Druyan, L.M., 2011: Studies of 21st-century precipitation trends over West Africa. Int. J. Climatol., 31, 1415-1572, doi:10.1002/joc.2180.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2011: The sensitivity of African easterly waves to eastern tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperatures. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 113, 39-53, doi:10.1007/s00703-011-0145-9.


Druyan, L.M., J. Feng, K.H. Cook, Y. Xue, M. Fulakeza, S.M. Hagos, A. Konaré, W. Moufama-Okia, D.P. Powell, E.K. Vizy, and S.S. Ibrah, 2010: The WAMME regional model intercomparison study. Clim. Dyn., 35, 175-192, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0676-7.

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and R. Worrell, 2010: Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 4, 1-11, doi:10.2174/1874282301004010001.

Lynn, B.H., C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, C. Hogrefe, L. Druyan, R. Healy, J. Dudhia, J. Rosenthal, and P. Kinney, 2010: Testing GISS-MM5 physics configurations for use in regional impacts studies. Climatic Change, 99, 567-587, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9729-5.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and E. Noble, 2009: Regional climate model simulation of the AMMA Special Observing Period #3 and the pre-Helene easterly wave. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 105, 191-210, doi:10.1007/s00703-009-0044-5.

Lynn, B.H., T.N. Carlson, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, L. Druyan, J. Cox, S. Gaffin, L. Parshall, and K. Civerolo, 2009: A modification to the NOAH LSM to simulate heat mitigation strategies in the New York City metropolitan area. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 48, 199-216, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1774.1.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Investigation of Hurricane Katrina characteristics for future, warmer climates. Clim. Res., 39, 75-86, doi:10.3354/cr00801.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Quantifying the sensitivity of simulated climate change to model configuration. Climatic Change, 92, 275-298, doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9494-x.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2008: The impact of vertical resolution on regional model simulation of the west African summer monsoon. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1293-1314, doi:10.1002/joc.1636.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2007: The spatial variability of regional model simulated June-September mean precipitation over West Africa. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031270.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2007: An analysis of the potential for extreme temperature change based on observations and model simulations. J. Climate, 20, 1539-1554, doi:10.1175/JCLI4219.1.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2006: Mesoscale analyses of West African summer climate: Focus on wave disturbances. Clim. Dyn., 27, 459-481, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0141-9.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2005: Mesoscale climate analysis over West Africa. CLIVAR Exch., 10, no. 3, 34-35.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2004: Land surface influences on the West African summer monsoon: Implications for synoptic disturbances. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 86, 261-273, doi:10.1007/s00703-003-0025-z.

Lynn, B.H., L. Druyan, C. Hogrefe, J. Dudhia, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, R. Healy, P. Kinney, and J. Rosenthal, 2004: Sensitivity of present and future surface temperatures to precipitation characteristics. Clim. Res., 28, 53-65.


Roads, J., S. Chen, S. Cocke, L. Druyan, M. Fulakeza, T. LaRow, P. Lonergan, J.-H. Qian, and S. Zebiak, 2003: International Research Institute/Applied Research Centers (IRI/ARCs) regional model intercomparison over South America. J. Geophys. Res., 108, no. D14, 4425, doi:10.1029/2002JD003201.

Taleb, E.H., and L.M. Druyan, 2003: Relationships between rainfall and West African wave disturbances in station observations. Int. J. Climatol., 23, 305-313, doi:10.1002/joc.883.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2002: Dynamic downscaling of seasonal climate predictions over Brazil. J. Climate, 15, 3411-3426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3411:DDOSCP>2.0.CO;2.

Fulakeza, M., L.M. Druyan, and T.N. Krishnamurti, 2002: A simple soil moisture scheme for regional climate simulations in the Tropics. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 79, 105-126, doi:10.1007/s703-002-8231-7.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 2001: A regional model study of synoptic features over West Africa. Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 1564-1577, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<1564:ARMSOS>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., M.B. Fulakeza, and W. Thiaw, 2000: Regional model simulations of African wave disturbance. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7231-7255, doi:10.1029/2000JD900017.

Druyan, L.M., K.P. Shah, M.A. Chandler, and D. Rind, 2000: GCM hindcasts of SST forced climate variability over agriculturally intensive regions. Climatic Change, 45, 279-322, doi:10.1023/A:1005571213805.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, L. Druyan, P. Lonergan, and M. Chandler, 2000: AGCM hindcasts with SST and other forcings: Responses from global to agricultural scales. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20025-20053, doi:10.1029/2000JD900019.


Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and T. Eichler, 1999: A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis. Int. J. Climatol., 19, 607-617, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199905)19:6<607::AID-JOC383>3.0.CO;2-M.


Druyan, L.M., 1998: The role of synoptic systems in the interannual variability of Sahel rainfall. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 65, 55-75, doi:10.1007/BF01030269.


Druyan, L.M., P. Lonergan, and J.L. Cohen, 1997: Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2520-2530, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2520:CSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M.P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny, 1997: Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25679-25720, doi:10.1029/97JD01495.


Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 1996: African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey. Clim. Res., 7, 71-83.

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1996: The sensitivity of African wave disturbances to remote forcing. J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 1100-1110, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<1100:TSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, G. Caliri, M. Campbell, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, M. Fox, C. Johnson, J. Lerner, M.P. McCormick, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, A. Morrison, L. Pandolfo, I. Ramberran, F. Zaucker, M. Robinson, P. Russell, K. Shah, P. Stone, I. Tegen, L. Thomason, J. Wilder, and H. Wilson, 1996: A Pinatubo climate modeling investigation. In The Mount Pinatubo Eruption: Effects on the Atmosphere and Climate, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 42. G. Fiocco, D. Fua, and G. Visconti, Eds. Springer-Verlag, pp. 233-272.


Druyan, L., K. Shah, K.-W. Lo, J. Marengo, and G. Russell, 1995: Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 1061-1086, doi:10.1002/joc.3370151002.


Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1994: Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM. J. Climate, 7, 261-276, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0261:SOAWDW>2.0.CO;2.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1994: Tropical impacts of SST forcing: A case study for 1987 versus 1988. J. Climate, 7, 1316-1323, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<1316:TIOSFA>2.0.CO;2.

Marengo, J.A., and L.M. Druyan, 1994: Validation of model improvements for the GISS GCM. Clim. Dyn., 10, 163-179, doi:10.1007/s003820050041.


Hastenrath, S., and L. Druyan, 1993: Circulation anomaly mechanisms in the tropical Atlantic sector during the Northeast Brazil rainy season: Results from the GISS general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14917-14923, doi:10.1029/93JD01284.

Marengo, J.A., L.M. Druyan, and S. Hastenrath, 1993: Observational and modelling studies of Amazonia interannual climate variability. Climatic Change, 23, 267-286, doi:10.1007/BF01091619.


Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1992: GCM simulation of the Sahel 1984 drought with alternative specifications of observed SST. Int. J. Climatol., 12, 521-526, doi:10.1002/joc.3370120508.


Druyan, L.M., 1991: The sensitivity of sub-Saharan precipitation to Atlantic SST. Climatic Change, 18, 17-36, doi:10.1007/BF00142503.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1991: Modeling the differential impact of 1984 and 1950 sea-surface temperatures on Sahel rainfall. Int. J. Climatol., 11, 367-380, doi:10.1002/joc.3370110403.


Druyan, L.M., 1989: Advances in the study of sub-Saharan drought. Int. J. Climatol., 9, 77-90, doi:10.1002/joc.3370090107.

Druyan, L.M., and R.D. Koster, 1989: Sources of Sahel precipitation for simulated drought and rainy seasons. J. Climate, 2, 1438-1446, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<1438:SOSPFS>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1987: GCM studies of the African summer monsoon. Clim. Dyn., 2, 117-126, doi:10.1007/BF01054494.


Druyan, L.M., Z. Alperson, and T. Ben-Amram, 1986: Synoptic impacts of NOAA 6/TIROS N data on numerical circulation forecasts. J. Geophys. Res., 91, no. C2, 2249-2262, doi:10.1029/JC091iC02p02249.


Chervin, R.M., and L.M. Druyan, 1984: The influence of ocean surface temperature gradient and continentality on the Walker circulation. Part I: Prescribed tropical changes. Mon. Weather Rev., 112, 1510-1523, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1510:TIOOST>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., J.R. Miller, and G.L. Russell, 1983: Atmospheric general circulation model simulations with an interactive ocean: Effects of sea surface temperature anomalies in the Arabian Sea. Atmos.-Ocean, 21, 94-106.


Druyan, L.M., 1982: Studies of the Indian summer monsoon with a coarse-mesh general circulation model, part II. J. Climatol., 2, 347-355, doi:10.1002/joc.3370020405.


Druyan, L.M., 1981: The use of global circulation models in the study of the Indian Ocean monsoon. J. Climatol., 1, 77-92.


Druyan, L.M., R.C.J. Somerville, and W.J. Quirk, 1975: Extended-range forecasts with GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 103, 779-795, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1975)103<0779:ERFWTG>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1974: Short-range forecasts with the GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 102, 269-279, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1974)102<0269:SRFWTG>2.0.CO;2.

Somerville, R.C.J., P.H. Stone, M. Halem, J.E. Hansen, J.S. Hogan, L.M. Druyan, G. Russell, A.A. Lacis, W.J. Quirk, and J. Tenenbaum, 1974: The GISS model of the global atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 84-117, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1974)031<0084:TGMOTG>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1973: Objective sea-level pressure analysis for data-sparse areas. J. Appl. Meteorol., 12, 253-263, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1973)012<0255:OSLPAF>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1972: Objective analysis of sea-level winds and pressures derived from simulated observations of a satellite radar-radiometer and actual conventional data. J. Appl. Meteorol., 11, 413-428, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1972)011<0413:OAOSLW>2.0.CO;2.

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