Alumni Bibliographies

Publications by Leonard M. Druyan

Note: This citation list includes papers published while the author was affiliated with the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. It may also include publications from before or after that period if another GISS researcher was a co-author.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2018: Downscaling atmosphere-ocean global climate model precipitation simulations over Africa using bias-Corrected lateral and lower boundary conditions. Atmosphere, 9, no. 12, 493.


Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2017: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 2: Precipitation. Mon. Weather Rev., 145, no. 1, 215-233, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0294.1.


Druyan, L., and M. Fulakeza, 2016: Downscaling GISS ModelE boreal summer climate over Africa. Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3499-3515, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2880-y.

Xue, Y., F. De Sales, W.K. Lau, A. Boone, K.-M. Kim, C.R. Mechoso, G. Wang, F. Kucharski, K. Schiro, M. Hosaka, S. Li, L.M. Druyan, I. Seidou Sanda, W. Thiaw, N. Zeng, R.E. Comer, Y.-K. Lim, S. Mahanama, G. Song, Y. Gu, S.M. Hagos, M. Chin, S. Schubert, P. Dirmeyer, L.R. Leung, E. Kalnay, A. Kitoh, C.-H. Lu, N.M. Mahowald, and Z. Zhang, 2016: West African monsoon decadal variability and drought and surface-related forcings: Second West African Monsoon Modeling and Evaluation Project Experiment (WAMME II). Clim. Dyn., 47, no. 11, 3517-3545, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3224-2.


Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., E. Mohino, C.R. Mechoso, C. Caminade, M. Biasutti, M. Gaetani, J. Garcia-Serrano, E.K. Vizy, K. Cook, Y. Xue, I. Polo, T. Losada, L. Druyan, B. Fontaine, J. Bader, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, L. Goddard, S. Janicot, A. Arribas, W. Lau, A. Colman, M. Vellinga, D.P. Rowell, F. Kucharski, and A. Voldoire, 2015: Variability and predictability of West African droughts: A review of the role of sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 28, no. 10, 4034-4060, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00130.1.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2014: The impact of the Atlantic cold tongue on West African monsoon onset in regional model simulations for 1998-2002. Int. J. Climatol., 35, no. 2, 275-287, doi:10.1002/joc.3980.

Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2014: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation. Mon. Weather Rev., 142, no. 4, 1588-1608, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2013: Downscaling reanalysis over continental Africa with a regional model: NCEP versus ERA Interim forcing. Clim. Res., 56, 181-196, doi:10.3354/cr01152.


Druyan, L.M. (Ed.), 2012: Climate Models. InTech.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Propagation of convective complexes observed by TRMM in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 6, 1-8, doi:10.2174/1874282301206010001.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2012: Regional climate model applications for West Africa and the Tropical Eastern Atlantic. In Climate Models. L.M. Druyan, Ed. InTech, pp. 43-58.


Druyan, L.M., 2011: Studies of 21st-century precipitation trends over West Africa. Int. J. Climatol., 31, 1415-1572, doi:10.1002/joc.2180.

Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2011: The sensitivity of African easterly waves to eastern tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperatures. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 113, 39-53, doi:10.1007/s00703-011-0145-9.


Druyan, L.M., J. Feng, K.H. Cook, Y. Xue, M. Fulakeza, S.M. Hagos, A. Konaré, W. Moufama-Okia, D.P. Powell, E.K. Vizy, and S.S. Ibrah, 2010: The WAMME regional model intercomparison study. Clim. Dyn., 35, 175-192, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0676-7.

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and R. Worrell, 2010: Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 4, 1-11, doi:10.2174/1874282301004010001.

Lynn, B.H., C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, C. Hogrefe, L. Druyan, R. Healy, J. Dudhia, J. Rosenthal, and P. Kinney, 2010: Testing GISS-MM5 physics configurations for use in regional impacts studies. Climatic Change, 99, 567-587, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9729-5.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and E. Noble, 2009: Regional climate model simulation of the AMMA Special Observing Period #3 and the pre-Helene easterly wave. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 105, 191-210, doi:10.1007/s00703-009-0044-5.

Lynn, B.H., T.N. Carlson, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, L. Druyan, J. Cox, S. Gaffin, L. Parshall, and K. Civerolo, 2009: A modification to the NOAH LSM to simulate heat mitigation strategies in the New York City metropolitan area. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 48, 199-216, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1774.1.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Investigation of Hurricane Katrina characteristics for future, warmer climates. Clim. Res., 39, 75-86, doi:10.3354/cr00801.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2009: Quantifying the sensitivity of simulated climate change to model configuration. Climatic Change, 92, 275-298, doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9494-x.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2008: The impact of vertical resolution on regional model simulation of the west African summer monsoon. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1293-1314, doi:10.1002/joc.1636.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2007: The spatial variability of regional model simulated June-September mean precipitation over West Africa. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031270.

Lynn, B.H., R. Healy, and L.M. Druyan, 2007: An analysis of the potential for extreme temperature change based on observations and model simulations. J. Climate, 20, 1539-1554, doi:10.1175/JCLI4219.1.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2006: Mesoscale analyses of West African summer climate: Focus on wave disturbances. Clim. Dyn., 27, 459-481, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0141-9.


Druyan, L.M., and M. Fulakeza, 2005: Mesoscale climate analysis over West Africa. CLIVAR Exch., 10, no. 3, 34-35.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2004: Land surface influences on the West African summer monsoon: Implications for synoptic disturbances. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 86, 261-273, doi:10.1007/s00703-003-0025-z.

Lynn, B.H., L. Druyan, C. Hogrefe, J. Dudhia, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, R. Healy, P. Kinney, and J. Rosenthal, 2004: Sensitivity of present and future surface temperatures to precipitation characteristics. Clim. Res., 28, 53-65.


Roads, J., S. Chen, S. Cocke, L. Druyan, M. Fulakeza, T. LaRow, P. Lonergan, J.-H. Qian, and S. Zebiak, 2003: International Research Institute/Applied Research Centers (IRI/ARCs) regional model intercomparison over South America. J. Geophys. Res., 108, no. D14, 4425, doi:10.1029/2002JD003201.

Taleb, E.H., and L.M. Druyan, 2003: Relationships between rainfall and West African wave disturbances in station observations. Int. J. Climatol., 23, 305-313, doi:10.1002/joc.883.


Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2002: Dynamic downscaling of seasonal climate predictions over Brazil. J. Climate, 15, 3411-3426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3411:DDOSCP>2.0.CO;2.

Fulakeza, M., L.M. Druyan, and T.N. Krishnamurti, 2002: A simple soil moisture scheme for regional climate simulations in the Tropics. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 79, 105-126, doi:10.1007/s703-002-8231-7.


Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 2001: A regional model study of synoptic features over West Africa. Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 1564-1577, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<1564:ARMSOS>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., M.B. Fulakeza, and W. Thiaw, 2000: Regional model simulations of African wave disturbance. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7231-7255, doi:10.1029/2000JD900017.

Druyan, L.M., K.P. Shah, M.A. Chandler, and D. Rind, 2000: GCM hindcasts of SST forced climate variability over agriculturally intensive regions. Climatic Change, 45, 279-322, doi:10.1023/A:1005571213805.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, L. Druyan, P. Lonergan, and M. Chandler, 2000: AGCM hindcasts with SST and other forcings: Responses from global to agricultural scales. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20025-20053, doi:10.1029/2000JD900019.


Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and T. Eichler, 1999: A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis. Int. J. Climatol., 19, 607-617, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199905)19:6<607::AID-JOC383>3.0.CO;2-M.


Druyan, L.M., 1998: The role of synoptic systems in the interannual variability of Sahel rainfall. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 65, 55-75, doi:10.1007/BF01030269.


Druyan, L.M., P. Lonergan, and J.L. Cohen, 1997: Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2520-2530, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2520:CSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M.P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny, 1997: Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25679-25720, doi:10.1029/97JD01495.


Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 1996: African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey. Clim. Res., 7, 71-83.

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1996: The sensitivity of African wave disturbances to remote forcing. J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 1100-1110, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<1100:TSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, G. Caliri, M. Campbell, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, M. Fox, C. Johnson, J. Lerner, M.P. McCormick, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, A. Morrison, L. Pandolfo, I. Ramberran, F. Zaucker, M. Robinson, P. Russell, K. Shah, P. Stone, I. Tegen, L. Thomason, J. Wilder, and H. Wilson, 1996: A Pinatubo climate modeling investigation. In The Mount Pinatubo Eruption: Effects on the Atmosphere and Climate, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 42. G. Fiocco, D. Fua, and G. Visconti, Eds. Springer-Verlag, pp. 233-272.


Druyan, L., K. Shah, K.-W. Lo, J. Marengo, and G. Russell, 1995: Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 1061-1086, doi:10.1002/joc.3370151002.


Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1994: Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM. J. Climate, 7, 261-276, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0261:SOAWDW>2.0.CO;2.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1994: Tropical impacts of SST forcing: A case study for 1987 versus 1988. J. Climate, 7, 1316-1323, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<1316:TIOSFA>2.0.CO;2.

Marengo, J.A., and L.M. Druyan, 1994: Validation of model improvements for the GISS GCM. Clim. Dyn., 10, 163-179, doi:10.1007/s003820050041.


Hastenrath, S., and L. Druyan, 1993: Circulation anomaly mechanisms in the tropical Atlantic sector during the Northeast Brazil rainy season: Results from the GISS general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14917-14923, doi:10.1029/93JD01284.

Marengo, J.A., L.M. Druyan, and S. Hastenrath, 1993: Observational and modelling studies of Amazonia interannual climate variability. Climatic Change, 23, 267-286, doi:10.1007/BF01091619.


Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1992: GCM simulation of the Sahel 1984 drought with alternative specifications of observed SST. Int. J. Climatol., 12, 521-526, doi:10.1002/joc.3370120508.


Druyan, L.M., 1991: The sensitivity of sub-Saharan precipitation to Atlantic SST. Climatic Change, 18, 17-36, doi:10.1007/BF00142503.

Druyan, L.M., and S. Hastenrath, 1991: Modeling the differential impact of 1984 and 1950 sea-surface temperatures on Sahel rainfall. Int. J. Climatol., 11, 367-380, doi:10.1002/joc.3370110403.


Druyan, L.M., 1989: Advances in the study of sub-Saharan drought. Int. J. Climatol., 9, 77-90, doi:10.1002/joc.3370090107.

Druyan, L.M., and R.D. Koster, 1989: Sources of Sahel precipitation for simulated drought and rainy seasons. J. Climate, 2, 1438-1446, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<1438:SOSPFS>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1987: GCM studies of the African summer monsoon. Clim. Dyn., 2, 117-126, doi:10.1007/BF01054494.


Druyan, L.M., Z. Alperson, and T. Ben-Amram, 1986: Synoptic impacts of NOAA 6/TIROS N data on numerical circulation forecasts. J. Geophys. Res., 91, no. C2, 2249-2262, doi:10.1029/JC091iC02p02249.


Chervin, R.M., and L.M. Druyan, 1984: The influence of ocean surface temperature gradient and continentality on the Walker circulation. Part I: Prescribed tropical changes. Mon. Weather Rev., 112, 1510-1523, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1510:TIOOST>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., J.R. Miller, and G.L. Russell, 1983: Atmospheric general circulation model simulations with an interactive ocean: Effects of sea surface temperature anomalies in the Arabian Sea. Atmos.-Ocean, 21, 94-106.


Druyan, L.M., 1982: Studies of the Indian summer monsoon with a coarse-mesh general circulation model, part II. J. Climatol., 2, 347-355, doi:10.1002/joc.3370020405.


Druyan, L.M., 1981: The use of global circulation models in the study of the Indian Ocean monsoon. J. Climatol., 1, 77-92.


Druyan, L.M., R.C.J. Somerville, and W.J. Quirk, 1975: Extended-range forecasts with GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 103, 779-795, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1975)103<0779:ERFWTG>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1974: Short-range forecasts with the GISS model of the global atmosphere. Mon. Weather Rev., 102, 269-279, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1974)102<0269:SRFWTG>2.0.CO;2.

Somerville, R.C.J., P.H. Stone, M. Halem, J.E. Hansen, J.S. Hogan, L.M. Druyan, G. Russell, A.A. Lacis, W.J. Quirk, and J. Tenenbaum, 1974: The GISS model of the global atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 84-117, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1974)031<0084:TGMOTG>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1973: Objective sea-level pressure analysis for data-sparse areas. J. Appl. Meteorol., 12, 253-263, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1973)012<0255:OSLPAF>2.0.CO;2.


Druyan, L.M., 1972: Objective analysis of sea-level winds and pressures derived from simulated observations of a satellite radar-radiometer and actual conventional data. J. Appl. Meteorol., 11, 413-428, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1972)011<0413:OAOSLW>2.0.CO;2.

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