Publication Abstracts

Zheng et al. 2022, submitted

Zheng, Z., A.M. Fiore, D.M. Westervelt, G.P. Milly, J. Goldsmith, A. Karambelas, G. Curci, C.A. Randles, A.R. Paiva, C. Wang, Q. Wu, and S. Dey, 2022: Automated machine learning to evaluate the information content of tropospheric trace gas columns for fine particle estimates over India: a modeling testbed. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., submitted.

India is largely devoid of high-quality and reliable on-the-ground measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Ground-level PM2.5 concentrations are estimated from publicly available satellite Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) products combined with other information. Prior research has largely overlooked the possibility of gaining additional accuracy and insights into the sources of PM using satellite retrievals of tropospheric trace gas columns. We first evaluate the information content of tropospheric trace gas columns for PM2.5 estimates over India within a modeling testbed using an Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) approach, which selects from a menu of different machine learning tools based on the dataset. We then quantify the relative information content of tropospheric trace gas columns, AOD, meteorological fields, and emissions for estimating PM2.5 over four Indian sub-regions on daily and monthly time scales. Our findings suggest that, regardless of the specific model assumptions, incorporating trace gas modeled columns improves PM2.5 estimates. We use the ranking scores produced from the AutoML algorithm and Spearman's rank correlation to infer the relative dominance of primary versus secondary sources of PM2.5 as a first step towards estimating particle composition. Our comparison of AutoML-derived models to selected baseline machine learning models demonstrates that AutoML is at least as good as model selection and hyperparameter tuning prior to training. The idealized pseudo-observations used in this work lay the groundwork for applying satellite retrievals of tropospheric trace gases to estimate fine particle concentrations in India and serve to illustrate the promise of AutoML applications in atmospheric and environmental research.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{zh00500y,
  author={Zheng, Z. and Fiore, A. M. and Westervelt, D. M. and Milly, G. P. and Goldsmith, J. and Karambelas, A. and Curci, G. and Randles, C. A. and Paiva, A. R. and Wang, C. and Wu, Q. and Dey, S.},
  title={Automated machine learning to evaluate the information content of tropospheric trace gas columns for fine particle estimates over India: a modeling testbed},
  year={2022},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},
  note={Manuscript submitted for publication}
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - UNPB
ID  - zh00500y
AU  - Zheng, Z.
AU  - Fiore, A. M.
AU  - Westervelt, D. M.
AU  - Milly, G. P.
AU  - Goldsmith, J.
AU  - Karambelas, A.
AU  - Curci, G.
AU  - Randles, C. A.
AU  - Paiva, A. R.
AU  - Wang, C.
AU  - Wu, Q.
AU  - Dey, S.
PY  - 2022
TI  - Automated machine learning to evaluate the information content of tropospheric trace gas columns for fine particle estimates over India: a modeling testbed
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
ER  -

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