Publication Abstracts

Wood et al. 2015

Wood, R., M. Wyant, C.S. Bretherton, J. Rémillard, P. Kollias, J. Fletcher, J. Stemmler, S. deSzoeke, S. Yuter, M. Miller, D. Mechem, G. Tselioudis, C. Chiu, J. Mann, E. O'Connor, R. Hogan, X. Dong, M. Miller, V. Ghate, A. Jefferson, Q. Min, P. Minnis, R. Palinkonda, B. Albrecht, E. Luke, C. Hannay, and Y. Lin, 2015: Clouds, aerosol, and precipitation in the marine boundary layer: An ARM Mobile Facility deployment. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 96, no. 3, 419-440, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00180.1.

A 21-month deployment to Graciosa Island in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean is providing an unprecedented record of the clouds, aerosols and meteorology in a poorly-sampled remote marine environment The Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) deployment at Graciosa Island in the Azores generated a 21 month (April 2009?December 2010) comprehensive dataset documenting clouds, aerosols and precipitation using the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF). The scientific aim of the deployment is to gain improved understanding of the interactions of clouds, aerosols and precipitation in the marine boundary layer. Graciosa Island straddles the boundary between the subtropics and midlatitudes in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean, and consequently experiences a great diversity of meteorological and cloudiness conditions. Low clouds are the dominant cloud type, with stratocumulus and cumulus occurring regularly. Approximately half of all clouds contained precipitation detectable as radar echoes below the cloud base. Radar and satellite observations show that clouds with tops from 1?11 km contribute more or less equally to surface-measured precipitation at Graciosa. A wide range of aerosol conditions was sampled during the deployment consistent with the diversity of sources as indicated by back trajectory analysis. Preliminary findings suggest important two-way interactions between aerosols and clouds at Graciosa, with aerosols affecting light precipitation and cloud radiative properties while being controlled in part by precipitation scavenging. The data from at Graciosa are being compared with short-range forecasts made a variety of models. A pilot analysis with two climate and two weather forecast models shows that they reproduce the observed time-varying vertical structure of lower-tropospheric cloud fairly well, but the cloud-nucleating aerosol concentrations less well. The Graciosa site has been chosen to be a permanent fixed ARM site that became operational in October 2013.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{wo08000i,
  author={Wood, R. and Wyant, M. and Bretherton, C. S. and Rémillard, J. and Kollias, P. and Fletcher, J. and Stemmler, J. and deSzoeke, S. and Yuter, S. and Miller, M. and Mechem, D. and Tselioudis, G. and Chiu, C. and Mann, J. and O'Connor, E. and Hogan, R. and Dong, X. and Miller, M. and Ghate, V. and Jefferson, A. and Min, Q. and Minnis, P. and Palinkonda, R. and Albrecht, B. and Luke, E. and Hannay, C. and Lin, Y.},
  title={Clouds, aerosol, and precipitation in the marine boundary layer: An ARM Mobile Facility deployment},
  year={2015},
  journal={Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.},
  volume={96},
  number={3},
  pages={419--440},
  doi={10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00180.1},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - wo08000i
AU  - Wood, R.
AU  - Wyant, M.
AU  - Bretherton, C. S.
AU  - Rémillard, J.
AU  - Kollias, P.
AU  - Fletcher, J.
AU  - Stemmler, J.
AU  - deSzoeke, S.
AU  - Yuter, S.
AU  - Miller, M.
AU  - Mechem, D.
AU  - Tselioudis, G.
AU  - Chiu, C.
AU  - Mann, J.
AU  - O'Connor, E.
AU  - Hogan, R.
AU  - Dong, X.
AU  - Miller, M.
AU  - Ghate, V.
AU  - Jefferson, A.
AU  - Min, Q.
AU  - Minnis, P.
AU  - Palinkonda, R.
AU  - Albrecht, B.
AU  - Luke, E.
AU  - Hannay, C.
AU  - Lin, Y.
PY  - 2015
TI  - Clouds, aerosol, and precipitation in the marine boundary layer: An ARM Mobile Facility deployment
JA  - Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.
VL  - 96
IS  - 3
SP  - 419
EP  - 440
DO  - 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00180.1
ER  -

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