Publication Abstracts

Williams et al. 2011

Williams, M., M. Amann, S. Anenberg, L. Emberson, M. Flanner, Z. Klimont, J. Kuylenstierra, N. Muller, E. Rosenthal, J. Schwartz, D. Shindell, R. Van Dingenen, H. Vallack, E. Vignati, K. Aunan, L. Cifuentes, G. Faluvegi, G. Milly, N.T.K. Oanh, T.S. Panwar, M. Walsh, and E. Zusman, 2011: Options for policy responses and their impacts. In Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone. United Nations Environment Programme and World Meteorological Organization, pp. 158-233.

The purpose of this chapter is to assess the potential for reductions in emissions and, where possible, identify the impact these reductions will have on public health, ecosystems and climate. It assesses the options for reducing emissions of BC and O3 precursors. The goal of these reductions is to mitigate the impacts of these pollutants not solely on climate, but also on public health and the wider environment. An account of these effects has been given in Chapter 4.

Environmental impacts resulting from emission changes, and hence concentration changes in the atmosphere, are driven by activity in economic sectors. Technical and non-technical measures are available and can be applied to priority source categories. Emission changes resulting from these measures are expected to reduce the targeted pollutant, such as BC, but in most instances will also result in changes to emissions of other pollutants. For example, energy efficiency measures would be expected to reduce emissions of all pollutants. As a result, to understand the full climate and public health implications of each measure, it is important to look at the suite of pollutants affected by any given measure. This integrated approach is particularly relevant in this Assessment as traditional pollutants and climate forcers are often emitted from the same sources and many emitted substances affect both climate and air quality. This chapter presents a discussion and analysis by sector, which will provide a more integrated and coordinated assessment of overall impacts and efficacy of mitigation measures.

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BibTeX Citation

@inbook{wi07300g,
  author={Williams, M. and Amann, M. and Anenberg, S. and Emberson, L. and Flanner, M. and Klimont, Z. and Kuylenstierra, J. and Muller, N. and Rosenthal, E. and Schwartz, J. and Shindell, D. and Van Dingenen, R. and Vallack, H. and Vignati, E. and Aunan, K. and Cifuentes, L. and Faluvegi, G. and Milly, G. and Oanh, N. T. K. and Panwar, T. S. and Walsh, M. and Zusman, E.},
  title={Options for policy responses and their impacts},
  booktitle={Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone},
  year={2011},
  pages={158--233},
  publisher={United Nations Environment Programme and World Meteorological Organization},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - wi07300g
AU  - Williams, M.
AU  - Amann, M.
AU  - Anenberg, S.
AU  - Emberson, L.
AU  - Flanner, M.
AU  - Klimont, Z.
AU  - Kuylenstierra, J.
AU  - Muller, N.
AU  - Rosenthal, E.
AU  - Schwartz, J.
AU  - Shindell, D.
AU  - Van Dingenen, R.
AU  - Vallack, H.
AU  - Vignati, E.
AU  - Aunan, K.
AU  - Cifuentes, L.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Milly, G.
AU  - Oanh, N. T. K.
AU  - Panwar, T. S.
AU  - Walsh, M.
AU  - Zusman, E.
PY  - 2011
TI  - Options for policy responses and their impacts
BT  - Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone
SP  - 158
EP  - 233
PB  - United Nations Environment Programme and World Meteorological Organization
ER  -

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