Publication Abstracts

West et al. 1983

West, R.A., M. Sato, H. Hart, A.L. Lane, C.W. Hord, K.E. Simmons, L.W. Esposito, D.L. Coffeen, and R.B. Pomphrey, 1983: Photometry and polarimetry of Saturn at 2640 and 7500 Å. J. Geophys. Res., 88, 8679-8697, doi:10.1029/JA088iA11p08679.

We have reduced and tabulated photometry and polarimetry data at 2649 and 7500 Å observed by the Voyager 2 photopolarimeter experiment. Spatially resolved limb-to-terminator scans across Saturn's Equatorial Zone from 12° to 68° phase angle provide information on the altitude distribution of UV absorbing hazes and the phase function and polarizing properties of stratospheric and tropospheric aerosols. Limb-to-terminator scans across the northern hemisphere at 10° phase angle are used to study altitude variations of the tropospheric cloud at several latitudes. For the Equatorial Zone we find (1) the UV photometry and polarimetry are best fit by Rayleigh's phase matrix. (2) A stratospheric haze of small particles is allowed as long as the optical depth is near unity or less and the center of the haze layer is in the 30 to 70 mbar region. A diffuse haze fits better than a thin layer, and the aerosol/gas mixing ratio diminishes above 10 mbar. The vertical distribution and optical depth of the haze differ significantly from models proposed by others. To be in agreement with ground based and other spacecraft data, the haze optical depth is about 0.4 at 2640 Å and decreases by a factor of 10 or more at 6400 Å. If the haze aerosol scattering properties are similar to those for spheres with mean radius 0.1 micron, their imaginary refractive index is 0.4 or larger at 2640 Å and the total column density above the tropopause is 109/cm2. (3) UV contrasts between belts and zones are interpreted as altitude variations in the top of the tropospheric cloud. The altitudes derived here for three latitudes agree with altitudes derived from ground-based methane band studies and analyses of polarization from Pioneer 11. A high altitude absorber is abundant in the polar regions. (4) At 7500 Å, the phase function of tropospheric aerosols in the Equatorial Zone is described by a synthetic Henyey-Greenstein function with g1 = 0.54±0.11, g2 = -0.47±0.08, f = 0.87±0.03, and ω = 0.986. The single scattering albedo in the North Equatorial Belt is ω = 0.967. The Equatorial Zone tropospheric aerosols are positively polarizing at all the phases angles of our observations.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={West, R. A. and Sato, M. and Hart, H. and Lane, A. L. and Hord, C. W. and Simmons, K. E. and Esposito, L. W. and Coffeen, D. L. and Pomphrey, R. B.},
  title={Photometry and polarimetry of Saturn at 2640 and 7500 Å},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - we03000u
AU  - West, R. A.
AU  - Sato, M.
AU  - Hart, H.
AU  - Lane, A. L.
AU  - Hord, C. W.
AU  - Simmons, K. E.
AU  - Esposito, L. W.
AU  - Coffeen, D. L.
AU  - Pomphrey, R. B.
PY  - 1983
TI  - Photometry and polarimetry of Saturn at 2640 and 7500 Å
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 88
SP  - 8679
EP  - 8697
DO  - 10.1029/JA088iA11p08679
ER  -

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