Publication Abstracts

Wang et al. 2015

Wang, S., A. Sobel, A. Fridlind, Z. Feng, J.M. Comstock, P. Minnis, and M. Nordeen, 2015: Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 7, no. 3, 1472-1498, doi:10.1002/2015MS000461.

The recently completed CINDY/DYNAMO field campaign observed two Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) events in the equatorial Indian Ocean from October to December 2011. Prior work has indicated that the moist static energy anomalies in these events grew and were sustained to a significant extent by radiative feedbacks. We present here a study of radiative fluxes and clouds in a set of cloud-resolving simulations of these MJO events. The simulations are driven by the large-scale forcing data set derived from the DYNAMO northern sounding array observations, and carried out in a doubly periodic domain using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Simulated cloud properties and radiative fluxes are compared to those derived from the S-PolKa radar and satellite observations. To accommodate the uncertainty in simulated cloud microphysics, a number of single-moment (1M) and double-moment (2M) microphysical schemes in the WRF model are tested. The 1M schemes tend to underestimate radiative flux anomalies in the active phases of the MJO events, while the 2M schemes perform better, but can overestimate radiative flux anomalies. All the tested microphysics schemes exhibit biases in the shapes of the histograms of radiative fluxes and radar reflectivity. Histograms of radiative fluxes and brightness temperature indicate that radiative biases are not evenly distributed; the most significant bias occurs in rainy areas with OLR less than 150 W/m2 in the 2M schemes. Analysis of simulated radar reflectivities indicates that this radiative flux uncertainty is closely related to the simulated stratiform cloud coverage. Single-moment schemes underestimate stratiform cloudiness by a factor of 2, whereas 2M schemes simulate much more stratiform cloud.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{wa05500d,
  author={Wang, S. and Sobel, A. and Fridlind, A. and Feng, Z. and Comstock, J. M. and Minnis, P. and Nordeen, M.},
  title={Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array},
  year={2015},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},
  volume={7},
  number={3},
  pages={1472--1498},
  doi={10.1002/2015MS000461},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - wa05500d
AU  - Wang, S.
AU  - Sobel, A.
AU  - Fridlind, A.
AU  - Feng, Z.
AU  - Comstock, J. M.
AU  - Minnis, P.
AU  - Nordeen, M.
PY  - 2015
TI  - Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
VL  - 7
IS  - 3
SP  - 1472
EP  - 1498
DO  - 10.1002/2015MS000461
ER  -

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