Publication Abstracts

Wang et al. 2019, submitted

Wang, H., J. Fyke, J. Lenaerts, J. Nusbaumer, H. Singh, D. Noone, and P. Rasch, 2019: Influence of sea ice anomalies on Antarctic precipitation using source attribution. The Cryosphere, submitted, doi:10.5194/tc-2019-69.

We conduct sensitivity experiments using a climate model that has an explicit water source tagging capability forced by prescribed composites of sea ice concentrations (SIC) and corresponding SSTs to understand the impact of sea ice anomalies on regional evaporation, moisture transport, and source-receptor relationships for precipitation over Antarctica. Surface sensible heat fluxes, evaporation, and column-integrated water vapor are larger over Southern Ocean (SO) areas with lower SIC, but changes in Antarctic precipitation and its source attribution with SICs reflect a strong spatial variability. Among the tagged source regions, the Southern Ocean (south of 50°S) contributes the most (40%) to the Antarctic total precipitation, followed by more northerly ocean basins, most notably the S. Pacific Ocean (27%), S. Indian Ocean (16%) and S. Atlantic Ocean (11%). The annual mean Antarctic precipitation is about 150 Gt/year more in the "low" SIC case than in the "high" SIC case. This difference is larger than the model-simulated interannual variability of Antarctic precipitation (99 Gt/year). The contrast in contribution from the S. Ocean, 102 Gt/year, is even more significant, compared to the interannual variability of 35 Gt/year in Antarctic precipitation that originates from the S. Ocean. The horizontal transport pathways from individual vapor source regions to Antarctica are largely determined by large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns. Vapor from lower latitude source regions takes elevated pathways to Antarctica. In contrast, vapor from the Southern Ocean moves southward within the lower troposphere to the Antarctic continent, so the contribution of nearby sources also depends on regional coastal topography. The impact of sea ice anomalies on regional Antarctic precipitation also depends on atmospheric circulation changes that result from the prescribed composite SIC/SST perturbations. In particular, regional wind anomalies along with surface evaporation changes determine regional shifts in the zonal and meridional moisture fluxes that can explain some of the resultant precipitation changes.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Wang, H. and Fyke, J. and Lenaerts, J. and Nusbaumer, J. and Singh, H. and Noone, D. and Rasch, P.},
  title={Influence of sea ice anomalies on Antarctic precipitation using source attribution},
  journal={The Cryosphere},
  note={Manuscript submitted for publication}

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RIS Citation

ID  - wa00800c
AU  - Wang, H.
AU  - Fyke, J.
AU  - Lenaerts, J.
AU  - Nusbaumer, J.
AU  - Singh, H.
AU  - Noone, D.
AU  - Rasch, P.
PY  - 2019
TI  - Influence of sea ice anomalies on Antarctic precipitation using source attribution
JA  - The Cryosphere
DO  - 10.5194/tc-2019-69
ER  -

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