Publication Abstracts

Van Diedenhoven 2014

Van Diedenhoven, B., 2014: The prevalence of the 22° halo in cirrus clouds. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 146, 475-479, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.01.012.

Halos at 22° from the sun attributed to randomly-orientated, pristine hexagonal crystals are frequently observed through ice clouds. These frequent sightings of halos formed by pristine crystals pose an apparent inconsistency with the dominance of distorted, non-pristine ice crystals indicated by in situ and remote sensing data. Furthermore, the 46° halo, which is associated with pristine hexagonal crystals as well, is observed far less frequently than the 22° halo. Considering that plausible mechanisms that could cause crystal distortion such as aggregation, sublimation, riming and collisions are stochastic processes that likely lead to distributions of crystals with varying distortion levels, here the presence of the 22° and 46° halo features in phase functions of mixtures of pristine and distorted hexagonal ice crystals is examined. We conclude that the 22° halo feature is generally present if the contribution by pristine crystals to the total scattering cross section is greater than only about 10% in the case of compact particles or columns, and greater than about 40% for plates. The 46° halo feature is present only if the mean distortion level is low and the contribution of pristine crystals to the total scattering cross section is above about 20%, 50% and 70%, in the case of compact crystals, plates and columns, respectively. These results indicate that frequent sightings of 22° halos are not inconsistent with the observed dominance of distorted, non-pristine ice crystals. Furthermore, the low mean distortion levels and large contributions by pristine crystals needed to produce the 46° halo features provide a potential explanation of the common sighting of the 22° halo without any detectable 46° halo.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={van Diedenhoven, B.},
  title={The prevalence of the 22° halo in cirrus clouds},
  journal={J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer},

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RIS Citation

ID  - va00200d
AU  - van Diedenhoven, B.
PY  - 2014
TI  - The prevalence of the 22° halo in cirrus clouds
JA  - J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer
VL  - 146
SP  - 475
EP  - 479
DO  - 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.01.012
ER  -

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