Publication Abstracts

Tubiello et al. 1999

Tubiello, F.N., T. Mahato, T. Morton, J.W. Druitt, T. Volk, and B.D.V Marino, 1999: Growing wheat in Biosphere 2 under elevated CO2: Observations and modeling. Ecol. Eng., 13, 273-286.

Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Yecora Rojo) was grown in the intensive agricultural biome (IAB) of Biosphere 2 during the 1995-1996 winter/spring season. Environmental conditions were characterized by a day/night temperature regime of 27/17°C, relative humidity (RH) levels around 45%, mean atmospheric CO2 concentration of 450 ppmv, and natural light conditions with mean intensities about half of outside levels. Weekly samples of above-ground plant matter were collected throughout the growing season and phenological events recorded. A computer model, CERES-Wheat, previously tested under both field and controlled conditions, was used to simulate the observed crop growth and to help in data analysis. We found that CERES-Wheat simulated the data collected at Biosphere 2 to within 10% of observed, thus suggesting that wheat growth inside the IAB was comparable to that documented in other environments. The model predicts phenological stages and dry matter (DM) production within 10% of the observed data. Measured DM production rates, normalized for light absorbed by the crop, suggested photosynthetic efficiencies intermediate between those observed under optimal field conditions and those recorded in the NASA-Controlled Ecological Life-Support Systems (CELSS). We suggest that such a difference can be explained primarily in terms of low light levels inside the IAB, with additional effects due to elevated CO2 concentration and diffuse light fractions.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Tubiello, F. N. and Mahato, T. and Morton, T. and Druitt, J. W. and Volk, T. and Marino, B. D. V},
  title={Growing wheat in Biosphere 2 under elevated CO2: Observations and modeling},
  journal={Ecological Engineering},

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RIS Citation

ID  - tu06000k
AU  - Tubiello, F. N.
AU  - Mahato, T.
AU  - Morton, T.
AU  - Druitt, J. W.
AU  - Volk, T.
AU  - Marino, B. D. V
PY  - 1999
TI  - Growing wheat in Biosphere 2 under elevated CO2: Observations and modeling
JA  - Ecol. Eng.
JO  - Ecological Engineering
VL  - 13
SP  - 273
EP  - 286
ER  -

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