Publication Abstracts

Tremblay et al. 2015

Tremblay, L.B., G.A. Schmidt, S. Pfirman, R. Newton, and P. DeRepentigny, 2015: Is ice-rafted sediment in a North Pole marine record evidence for perennial sea-ice cover? Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, 373, no. 2052, doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0168.

Ice-rafted sediments of Eurasian and North American origin are found consistently in the upper part (13 Ma BP to present) of the Arctic Coring Expedition (ACEX) ocean core from the Lomonosov Ridge, near the North Pole (≈88° N). Based on modern sea-ice drift trajectories and speeds, this has been taken as evidence of the presence of a perennial sea-ice cover in the Arctic Ocean from the middle Miocene onwards (Krylov et al. 2008); Darby 2008). However, other high latitude land and marine records indicate a long-term trend towards cooling broken by periods of extensive warming suggestive of a seasonally ice-free Arctic between the Miocene and the present (Polyak et al. 2010). We use a coupled sea-ice slab-ocean model including sediment transport tracers to map the spatial distribution of ice-rafted deposits in the Arctic Ocean. We use 6 hourly wind forcing and surface heat fluxes for two different climates: one with a perennial sea-ice cover similar to that of the present day and one with seasonally ice-free conditions, similar to that simulated in future projections. Model results confirm that in the present-day climate, sea ice takes more than 1 year to transport sediment from all its peripheral seas to the North Pole. However, in a warmer climate, sea-ice speeds are significantly faster (for the same wind forcing) and can deposit sediments of Laptev, East Siberian and perhaps also Beaufort Sea origin at the North Pole. This is primarily because of the fact that sea-ice interactions are much weaker with a thinner ice cover and there is less resistance to drift. We conclude that the presence of ice-rafted sediment of Eurasian and North American origin at the North Pole does not imply a perennial sea-ice cover in the Arctic Ocean, reconciling the ACEX ocean core data with other land and marine records.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{tr05200z,
  author={Tremblay, L. B. and Schmidt, G. A. and Pfirman, S. and Newton, R. and DeRepentigny, P.},
  title={Is ice-rafted sediment in a North Pole marine record evidence for perennial sea-ice cover?},
  year={2015},
  journal={Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A},
  volume={373},
  number={2052},
  doi={10.1098/rsta.2014.0168},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - tr05200z
AU  - Tremblay, L. B.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Pfirman, S.
AU  - Newton, R.
AU  - DeRepentigny, P.
PY  - 2015
TI  - Is ice-rafted sediment in a North Pole marine record evidence for perennial sea-ice cover?
JA  - Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A
VL  - 373
IS  - 2052
DO  - 10.1098/rsta.2014.0168
ER  -

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