Publication Abstracts

Stanfield et al. 2015

Stanfield, R.E., X. Dong, B. Xi, A.D. Del Genio, P. Minnis, D. Doelling, and N. Loeb, 2015: Assessment of NASA GISS CMIP5 and Post-CMIP5 simulated clouds and TOA radiation budgets using satellite observations. Part II: TOA radiation budget and CREs. J. Climate, 28, no. 5, 1842-1864, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00249.1.

In Part I of this study (Stanfield et al. 2014), the NASA GISS CMIP5 (C5) and Post-CMIP5 (P5) simulated cloud properties were assessed utilizing multiple satellite observations, with a particular focus on the southern mid-latitudes (SMLs). This study applies the knowledge gained from Part I of this series to evaluate the modeled TOA radiation budgets and cloud radiative effects (CREs) globally using CERES EBAF (CE) satellite observations and the impact of regional cloud properties and water vapor on the TOA radiation budgets. Comparisons revealed that the P5 and C5-simulated global means of clear-sky and all-sky outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) match well with CE observations, while biases are observed regionally. Negative biases are found in both P5 and C5-simulated clear-sky OLR. P5-simulated all-sky albedo slightly increased over the SMLs due to the increase in low-level cloud fraction from the new planetary boundary layer (PBL) scheme. SW, LW, and net CRE are quantitatively analyzed as well. We define regions of strong large-scale atmospheric upwelling/downwelling motion to compare regional differences across multiple cloud and radiative variables. In general, the P5 and C5 simulations agree with the observations better over the downwelling regime than over the upwelling regime. Comparing our results with the cloud property comparisons presented in Part I, the modeled TOA radiation budgets and CREs agree well with the CE observations. These results, combined with results in Part I, have quantitatively estimated how much improvement is found in the P5-simulated cloud and radiative properties, particularly over the SMLs and tropics, due to the implementation of the new PBL and convection schemes.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{st09120l,
  author={Stanfield, R. E. and Dong, X. and Xi, B. and Del Genio, A. D. and Minnis, P. and Doelling, D. and Loeb, N.},
  title={Assessment of NASA GISS CMIP5 and Post-CMIP5 simulated clouds and TOA radiation budgets using satellite observations. Part II: TOA radiation budget and CREs},
  year={2015},
  journal={J. Climate},
  volume={28},
  number={5},
  pages={1842--1864},
  doi={10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00249.1},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - st09120l
AU  - Stanfield, R. E.
AU  - Dong, X.
AU  - Xi, B.
AU  - Del Genio, A. D.
AU  - Minnis, P.
AU  - Doelling, D.
AU  - Loeb, N.
PY  - 2015
TI  - Assessment of NASA GISS CMIP5 and Post-CMIP5 simulated clouds and TOA radiation budgets using satellite observations. Part II: TOA radiation budget and CREs
JA  - J. Climate
VL  - 28
IS  - 5
SP  - 1842
EP  - 1864
DO  - 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00249.1
ER  -

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