Publication Abstracts

Stothers et al. 1986

Stothers, R.B., J.A. Wolff, S. Self, and M.R. Rampino, 1986: Basaltic fissure eruptions, plume heights, and atmospheric aerosols. Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 725-728, doi:10.1029/GL013i008p00725.

Convective plumes that rise above Hawaiian-style fire fountains consist of volcanic gases, aerosols, fine ash, and entrained heated air. Plume theory has been applied to observational estimates of the rate of thermal energy release from large fire fountains. The theoretically predicted heights of maintained plumes agree very well with the heights found from actual observations. Predicted plume heights for both central-vent (point-source) and fissure (line-source) eruptions indicate a stratospheric penetration by plumes that form over vents with very high magma-production rates. Flood basalt fissure eruptions that produce individual lava flows with volumes > 100 km3 at very high mass eruption rates are capable of injecting large quantities of sulfate aerosols into the lower stratosphere, with potentially drastic short-term atmospheric consequences, like acid precipitation, darkening of the sky, and climatic cooling.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Stothers, R. B. and Wolff, J. A. and Self, S. and Rampino, M. R.},
  title={Basaltic fissure eruptions, plume heights, and atmospheric aerosols},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},

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RIS Citation

ID  - st06000k
AU  - Stothers, R. B.
AU  - Wolff, J. A.
AU  - Self, S.
AU  - Rampino, M. R.
PY  - 1986
TI  - Basaltic fissure eruptions, plume heights, and atmospheric aerosols
JA  - Geophys. Res. Lett.
JO  - Geophysical Research Letters
VL  - 13
SP  - 725
EP  - 728
DO  - 10.1029/GL013i008p00725
ER  -

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