Publication Abstracts

Stothers 2009

Stothers, R.B., 2009: Volcanic eruptions and climate change. In Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. V. Gornitz, Ed., Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, pp. 976-979.

Volcanoes erupt fragmented mantle material into the upper atmosphere. Only the lightest particles remain suspended, however. These tiny supplements to the ordinary air, water vapor, and dust can strongly affect the chemical, radiative, and dynamical properties of the atmosphere. Critical to assessing the magnitude of these effects is knowledge of the sizes and chemical composition of the volcanic particles, the total mass of particles injected, the vertical distribution fof the injected particles, the gographical location of the volcano, and the prior state of the atmosphere. Detailed chronologies of modern volcanic eruptions and of their spreading particulate clouds (called "dust veils" or "dry fogs") have been constructed in order to associate known volcanic eruptions with changes of long-term weather ("climate"). Interest focuses on how global and regional climates respond to volcanc forcing on various timescales. Such an understanding of the consequences of historical eruptions can help to illuminate both the past and the future of the atmosphere.

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BibTeX Citation

@misc{st01910m,
  author={Stothers, R. B.},
  editor={Gornitz, V.},
  title={Volcanic eruptions and climate change},
  booktitle={Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments},
  year={2009},
  pages={976--979},
  publisher={Springer},
  address={Dordrecht, the Netherlands},
  series={Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - ENCYC
ID  - st01910m
AU  - Stothers, R. B.
ED  - Gornitz, V.
PY  - 2009
TI  - Volcanic eruptions and climate change
BT  - Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments
T3  - Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series
SP  - 976
EP  - 979
PB  - Springer
CY  - Dordrecht, the Netherlands
ER  -

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