Publication Abstracts

Stevens et al. 2002

Stevens, D.E., A.S. Ackerman, and C.S. Bretherton, 2002: Effects of domain size and numerical resolution on the simulation of shallow cumulus convection. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 3285-3301, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<3285:EODSAN>2.0.CO;2.

The authors present three-dimensional numerical simulations of oceanic trade cumulus clouds underlying stratocumulus clouds. The case studied is a Global Energy and Water Experiment (GEWEX) Cloud System Study (GCSS) model intercomparison that is loosely based on observed conditions during the Atlantic Trade Cumulus Experiment (ATEX). It is motivated by the importance of this cloud type to global cloud radiative forcing, and their role as a feeder system for deep convection in the Tropics. This study focuses on the sensitivity of the modeled cloud field to the domain size and the grid spacing. Domain widths from 6.5 to 20 km and horizontal grid spacings ranging from 10 to 80 m, with corresponding vertical grid spacing ranging from 5 to 40 m, are studied, involving massively parallel computations on up to 2.5 billion grid cells. The combination of large domain size and small grid resolution provides an unprecedented perspective on this type of convection.

The mean stratocumulus cloud fraction, optical depth, and vertical fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum are found to be quite sensitive to both the domain size and the resolution. The sensitivities are associated with a strong feedback between cloud fraction, cloud-top radiative cooling, and entrainment. The properties of individual cumulus clouds rising into the stratocumulus are less affected than the stratocumulus clouds. The simulations with 80-m horizontal by 40-m vertical resolution are clearly under-resolved, with distinctly different distributions of liquid water within the clouds. Increasing the resolution to finer than 40 m horizontal/20 m vertical affects the inversion structure and entrainment processes somewhat, but has less impact on the structure of individual clouds. Large-domain simulations exhibit mesoscale structure in the cloud organization and liquid water path. This mesoscale variability feeds back on the domain-mean properties through the cloud-radiative feedback. These simulations suggest that very large computations are required to obtain meaningful cloud statistics for this case.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{st00310j,
  author={Stevens, D. E. and Ackerman, A. S. and Bretherton, C. S.},
  title={Effects of domain size and numerical resolution on the simulation of shallow cumulus convection},
  year={2002},
  journal={J. Atmos. Sci.},
  volume={59},
  pages={3285--3301},
  doi={10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059%3C3285%3AEODSAN%3E2.0.CO;2},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - st00310j
AU  - Stevens, D. E.
AU  - Ackerman, A. S.
AU  - Bretherton, C. S.
PY  - 2002
TI  - Effects of domain size and numerical resolution on the simulation of shallow cumulus convection
JA  - J. Atmos. Sci.
VL  - 59
SP  - 3285
EP  - 3301
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059%3C3285%3AEODSAN%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

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