Publication Abstracts

Sparrman et al. 2024

Sparrman, V., S. Bladh, and M.J. Way, 2024: Multiple habitable phases on outer exosolar worlds. Astrophys. J., 962, no. 1, 83, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ad1685.

As stars evolve to higher luminosities during first ascension of the giant branch, previously frozen terrestrial worlds may thaw and host liquid water on their surfaces. Eventually these outer worlds again become uninhabitable due to receiving too much incident light and their water inventory evaporating. Solar-mass stars experience a sudden decrease in luminosity entering the horizontal branch, which could result in a secondary habitable phase for their outer worlds. The outer worlds' time with habitable surface climates is key in evaluating the possibility of extraterrestrial life arising. The times inside the habitable zone (TIHZ) are calculated for outer worlds orbiting between 5 and 45 au around a Sun-like star. By comparing the TIHZ to time estimates for life to arise on Earth, we evaluate whether such outer worlds are promising candidates in the search for extraterrestrial life. We use two different solar evolution models (PARSEC and Dartmouth) and both optimistic and conservative habitable zone (HZ) definitions. Multiple habitable phases are found for each outer world. Outer worlds with orbits as large as Saturn are found to have a secondary habitable phase which exceeds the first in duration. Generally, the time inside the HZ is found to decrease almost monotonically with orbiting distance. Water loss is calculated after the first habitable phase to determine whether a secondary habitable phase is possible. For all orbiting distances the water loss is insufficient to deplete a water inventory equivalent to that of many moons in the outer solar system.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Sparrman, V. and Bladh, S. and Way, M. J.},
  title={Multiple habitable phases on outer exosolar worlds},
  journal={Astrophys. J.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sp03100n
AU  - Sparrman, V.
AU  - Bladh, S.
AU  - Way, M. J.
PY  - 2024
TI  - Multiple habitable phases on outer exosolar worlds
JA  - Astrophys. J.
VL  - 962
IS  - 1
SP  - 83
DO  - 10.3847/1538-4357/ad1685
ER  -

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