Publication Abstracts

Song et al. 2024

Song, Q., P. Ginoux, M. Gonçalves Ageitos, R.L. Miller, V. Obiso, and C. Pérez García-Pando, 2024: Modeling impacts of dust mineralogy on Earth's radiation and climate. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, no. 12, 7421-7446, doi:10.5194/acp-24-7421-2024.

Mineralogical composition drives dust impacts on Earth's climate systems. However, most climate models still use homogeneous dust, without accounting for the temporal and spatial variation in mineralogy. To quantify the radiative impact of resolving dust mineralogy on Earth's climate, we implement and simulate the distribution of dust minerals (i.e., illite, kaolinite, smectite, hematite, calcite, feldspar, quartz, and gypsum) from Claquin et al. (1999) (C1999) and activate their interaction with radiation in the GFDL AM4.0 model. Resolving mineralogy reduces dust absorption compared to the homogeneous dust used in the standard GFDL AM4.0 model that assumes a globally uniform hematite volume content of 2.7% (HD27). The reduction in dust absorption results in improved agreement with observation-based single-scattering albedo (SSA), radiative fluxes from CERES (the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System), and land surface temperature from the CRU (Climatic Research Unit) compared to the baseline HD27 model version. It also results in distinct radiative impacts on Earth's climate over North Africa. Over the 19-year (from 2001 to 2019) modeled period during JJA (June-July-August), the reduction in dust absorption in AM4.0 leads to a reduction of over 50% in net downward radiation across the Sahara and approximately 20% over the Sahel at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) compared to the baseline HD27 model version. The reduced dust absorption weakens the atmospheric warming effect of dust aerosols and leads to an alteration in land surface temperature, resulting in a decrease of 0.66 K over the Sahara and an increase of 0.7 K over the Sahel. The less warming in the atmosphere suppresses ascent and weakens the monsoon inflow from the Gulf of Guinea. This brings less moisture to the Sahel, which combined with decreased ascent induces a reduction of precipitation. To isolate the effect of reduced absorption compared to resolving spatial and temporal mineralogy, we carry out a simulation where the hematite volume content of homogeneous dust is reduced from 2.7% to 0.9% (HD09). The dust absorption (e.g., single-scattering albedo) of HD09 is comparable to that of the mineralogically speciated model on a global mean scale, albeit with a lower spatial variation that arises solely from particle size. Comparison of the two models indicates that the spatial inhomogeneity in dust absorption resulting from resolving mineralogy does not have significant impacts on Earth's radiation and climate, provided there is a similar level of dust absorption on a global mean scale before and after resolving dust mineralogy. However, uncertainties related to emission and distribution of minerals may blur the advantages of resolving minerals to study their impact on radiation, cloud properties, ocean biogeochemistry, air quality, and photochemistry. On the other hand, lumping together clay minerals (i.e., illite, kaolinite, and smectite), but excluding externally mixed hematite and gypsum, appears to provide both computational efficiency and relative accuracy. Nevertheless, for specific research, it may be necessary to fully resolve mineralogy to achieve accuracy.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Song, Q. and Ginoux, P. and Gonçalves Ageitos, M. and Miller, R. L. and Obiso, V. and Pérez García-Pando, C.},
  title={Modeling impacts of dust mineralogy on Earth's radiation and climate},
  journal={Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},

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RIS Citation

ID  - so00400o
AU  - Song, Q.
AU  - Ginoux, P.
AU  - Gonçalves Ageitos, M.
AU  - Miller, R. L.
AU  - Obiso, V.
AU  - Pérez García-Pando, C.
PY  - 2024
TI  - Modeling impacts of dust mineralogy on Earth's radiation and climate
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
JO  - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
VL  - 24
IS  - 12
SP  - 7421
EP  - 7446
DO  - 10.5194/acp-24-7421-2024
ER  -

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