Publication Abstracts

Solecki et al. 2015

Solecki, W., C. Rosenzweig, R. Blake, A. de Sherbinin, T. Matte, F. Moshary, B. Rosenweig, M. Arend, S. Gaffin, E. Bou-Zeif, K. Rule, G. Sweeny, and W. Dessy, 2015: New York City Panel on Climate Change 2015 Report: Indicators and monitoring. Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 1336, 89-106, doi:10.1111/nyas.12587.

Among the crucial challenges for climate change facing New York City are measurement, monitoring, and evaluation of critical indicators of climate change. This involves developing indicators not only of the climate itself and its impacts, but also of resiliency measures. These need to be tracked over time in order to provide relevant information on the effectiveness of current and future response strategies. Required are a manageable set of climate change indicators and a monitoring system that enables evaluation of the dynamic processes associated with climate change, its associated impacts, and flexible adaptation and resiliency practices.

The first report by the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC, 2010) set out an approach to indicators and monitoring for tracking climate risks and presented potential sources of data from existing monitoring systems in the city (NPCC, 2010; Jacob et al., 2010). Building on this approach, the objective of this chapter is to identify how New York City can establish a Climate Resiliency Indictors and Monitoring System that is more responsive to current and future climate change.

A logic similar to the climate protection level (CPL) discussion of the first NPCC is employed (Solecki et al., 2010). The CPL analysis focused on a basic question: Given that there were already an extensive number of codes and standards designed to protect critical infrastructure and human well-being from climate risks, how can the existing legal, managerial, and operational climate protection strategies be adjusted and enhanced to be responsive to future climate change? Because the City (along with its state and federal partners) already maintains an extensive set of environmental indicator and monitoring programs to track a variety of environmental quality and human and ecological health indicators, this chapter explores how, and under what conditions, the City of New York can expand these programs to be fully capable of assessing climate risks and resiliency opportunities as they evolve. Specifically, this chapter addresses three questions:

What indicator and monitoring systems are currently in place within the City of New York?

What are the opportunities and challenges to establishing the New York City Climate Resiliency Indicators and Monitoring System?

What can be learned from a case study on the existing urban heat island indicator and monitoring system within the City?

The chapter identifies opportunities and gaps in the existing systems with respect to monitoring and adapting to climate change and illustrates some conditions under which these gaps could be filled. The use of innovative monitoring methods including remote sensing, flexible systems (e.g., mobile), and microsensors is highlighted. The chapter uses the urban heat island as a test bed to evaluate the specific requirements for an indicator and monitoring system associated with a particular resiliency strategy. The existing NYC Cool Roofs Program reveals several real-world issues and demands on indicators and monitoring systems that include evaluation challenges and the need to maintain efficiency and effectiveness over time.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{so00200u,
  author={Solecki, W. and Rosenzweig, C. and Blake, R. and de Sherbinin, A. and Matte, T. and Moshary, F. and Rosenweig, B. and Arend, M. and Gaffin, S. and Bou-Zeif, E. and Rule, K. and Sweeny, G. and Dessy, W.},
  title={New York City Panel on Climate Change 2015 Report: Indicators and monitoring},
  year={2015},
  journal={Ann. New York Acad. Sci.},
  volume={1336},
  pages={89--106},
  doi={10.1111/nyas.12587},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - so00200u
AU  - Solecki, W.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
AU  - Blake, R.
AU  - de Sherbinin, A.
AU  - Matte, T.
AU  - Moshary, F.
AU  - Rosenweig, B.
AU  - Arend, M.
AU  - Gaffin, S.
AU  - Bou-Zeif, E.
AU  - Rule, K.
AU  - Sweeny, G.
AU  - Dessy, W.
PY  - 2015
TI  - New York City Panel on Climate Change 2015 Report: Indicators and monitoring
JA  - Ann. New York Acad. Sci.
VL  - 1336
SP  - 89
EP  - 106
DO  - 10.1111/nyas.12587
ER  -

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