Publication Abstracts

Smit et al. 2019

Smit, J.M., J.H.H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, A. Di Noia, W. Laauwen, B.E. Rheingans, D.J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, K.D. Knobelspiesse, R. Ferrare, and O.P. Hasekamp, 2019: SPEX airborne spectropolarimeter calibration and performance. Appl. Opt., 58, no. 21, 5695-5719, doi:10.1364/AO.58.005695.

To improve our understanding of the complex role of aerosols in the climate system and on air quality, measurements are needed of optical and microphysical aerosol. From many studies, it has become evident that a satellite-based multiangle, multiwavelength polarimeter will be essential to provide such measurements. Here, high accuracy (∼0.003) on the degree of linear polarization (DoLP) measurements is important to retrieve aerosol properties with an accuracy needed to advance our understanding of the aerosol effect on climate. SPEX airborne, a multiangle hyperspectral polarimeter, has been developed for observing and characterizing aerosols from NASA's high-altitude research aircraft ER-2. It delivers measurements of radiance and DoLP at visual wavelengths with a spectral resolution of 3 and 7-30 nm, respectively, for radiance and polarization, at nine fixed equidistant viewing angles from -56° to +56° oriented along the ground track, and a swath of 7° oriented across-track. SPEX airborne uses spectral polarization modulation to determine the state of linear polarization of scattered sunlight. This technique has been developed in the Netherlands and has been demonstrated with ground-based instruments. SPEX airborne serves as a demonstrator for a family of space-based SPEX instruments that have the ability to measure and characterize atmospheric aerosol by multiangle hyperspectral polarimetric imaging remotely from a satellite platform. SPEX airborne was calibrated radiometrically and polarimetrically using Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) facilities including the Polarization Stage Generator-2 (PSG-2), which is designed for polarimetric calibration and validation of the Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI). Using the PSG-2, the accuracy of the SPEX airborne DoLP measurements in the laboratory setup is found to be 0.002-0.004. Radiometric calibration is realized with an estimated accuracy of 4%. In 2017, SPEX airborne took part in the "Aerosol Characterization from Polarimeters and Lidar" campaign on the ER-2 that included four polarimeters and two lidars. Polarization measurements of SPEX airborne and the coflying Research Scanning Polarimeter (RSP), recorded during the campaign, were compared and display root-mean-square (RMS) differences ranging from 0.004 (at 555 nm) up to 0.02 (at 410 nm). For radiance measurements, excellent agreement between SPEX airborne and RSP is obtained with an RMS difference of ∼4%. The lab- and flight-performance values for polarization are similar to those recently published for AirMSPI, where also an intercomparison with RSP was made using data from field campaigns in 2013. The intercomparison of radiometric and polarimetric data both display negligible bias. The in-flight comparison results provide verification of SPEX airborne's capability to deliver high-quality data.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{sm02200w,
  author={Smit, J. M. and Rietjens, J. H. H. and van Harten, G. and Di Noia, A. and Laauwen, W. and Rheingans, B. E. and Diner, D. J. and Cairns, B. and Wasilewski, A. and Knobelspiesse, K. D. and Ferrare, R. and Hasekamp, O. P.},
  title={SPEX airborne spectropolarimeter calibration and performance},
  year={2019},
  journal={Appl. Opt.},
  volume={58},
  number={21},
  pages={5695--5719},
  doi={10.1364/AO.58.005695},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - sm02200w
AU  - Smit, J. M.
AU  - Rietjens, J. H. H.
AU  - van Harten, G.
AU  - Di Noia, A.
AU  - Laauwen, W.
AU  - Rheingans, B. E.
AU  - Diner, D. J.
AU  - Cairns, B.
AU  - Wasilewski, A.
AU  - Knobelspiesse, K. D.
AU  - Ferrare, R.
AU  - Hasekamp, O. P.
PY  - 2019
TI  - SPEX airborne spectropolarimeter calibration and performance
JA  - Appl. Opt.
VL  - 58
IS  - 21
SP  - 5695
EP  - 5719
DO  - 10.1364/AO.58.005695
ER  -

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