Publication Abstracts

Shindell et al. 2022

Shindell, D., G. Faluvegi, L. Parsons, E. Nagamoto, and Chang J., 2022: Premature deaths in Africa due to particulate matter under high and low warming scenarios. GeoHealth, 6, no. 5, e2022GH000601, doi:10.1029/2022GH000601.

Sustainable development and climate change mitigation can provide enormous public health benefits via improved air quality, especially in polluted areas. We use the latest state-of-the-art composition-climate model simulations to contrast human exposure to fine particulate matter in Africa under a "baseline" scenario with high material consumption, population growth, and warming to that projected under a sustainability scenario with lower consumption, population growth, and warming. Evaluating the mortality impacts of these exposures, we find that under the low warming scenario annual premature deaths due to PM2.5 are reduced by roughly 515,000 by 2050 relative to the high warming scenario (100,000, 175,000, 55,000, 140,000, and 45,000 in Northern, West, Central, East, and Southern Africa, respectively). This reduction rises to 0,000 by the 2090s, though by that time much of the difference is attributable to the projected differences in population. By contrast, during the first half of the century benefits are driven predominantly by emissions changes. Depending on the region, we find large intermodel spreads of ∼25-50% in projected future exposures owing to different physics across the ensemble of 6 global models. The spread of projected deaths attributable to exposure to fine particulate matter, including uncertainty in the exposure-response function, are reduced in every region to ∼20-35% by the non-linear exposure-response function. Differences between the scenarios have an even narrower spread of ∼5-25% and are highly statistically significant in all regions for all models. These results provide valuable information for policy-makers to consider when working towards climate change mitigation and sustainable development goals.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Shindell, D. and Faluvegi, G. and Parsons, L. and Nagamoto, E. and Chang J.},
  title={Premature deaths in Africa due to particulate matter under high and low warming scenarios},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sh09800l
AU  - Shindell, D.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Parsons, L.
AU  - Nagamoto, E.
AU  - Chang J.
PY  - 2022
TI  - Premature deaths in Africa due to particulate matter under high and low warming scenarios
JA  - GeoHealth
VL  - 6
IS  - 5
SP  - e2022GH000601
DO  - 10.1029/2022GH000601
ER  -

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