Publication Abstracts

Shindell and Grewe 2002

Shindell, D.T., and V. Grewe, 2002: Separating the influence of halogen and climate changes on ozone recovery in the upper stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 107, no. D12, 4144, doi:10.1029/2001JD000420.

While halogens from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) dominated past ozone changes, our simulations show climate change playing an increasingly important role over coming decades. Including climate-induced stratospheric water vapor increases, the ozone change relative to 1980 attributable to climate change surpasses that due to halogens in the 2030s for both the upper stratosphere and the total column. Its overall impact may delay recovery of total ozone to 1980 values. These results emphasize that ozone recovery is not only a detection issue, but a detection and attribution issue, as trends must be ascribed to climate and halogens. Exploiting their different spatial patterns, we demonstrate a technique to isolate the halogen signature in the upper stratosphere by contrasting equatorial and mid-latitude ozone trends at 40 km altitude. This may allow early detection of the effectiveness of halogen emission reductions, which would show that a delayed recovery does not represent a CFC treaty failure, but rather highlights the growing influence of greenhouse gases on the Earth's atmosphere.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{sh06100c,
  author={Shindell, D. T. and Grewe, V.},
  title={Separating the influence of halogen and climate changes on ozone recovery in the upper stratosphere},
  year={2002},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={107},
  number={D12},
  pages={4144},
  doi={10.1029/2001JD000420},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - sh06100c
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Grewe, V.
PY  - 2002
TI  - Separating the influence of halogen and climate changes on ozone recovery in the upper stratosphere
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 107
IS  - D12
SP  - 4144
DO  - 10.1029/2001JD000420
ER  -

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