Publication Abstracts

Shindell et al. 2001

Shindell, D.T., G.A. Schmidt, M.E. Mann, D. Rind, and A. Waple, 2001: Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. Science, 294, 2149-2152, doi:10.1126/science.1064363.

We examine the climate response to solar irradiance changes between the late 17th century Maunder Minimum and the late 18th century. Global average temperature changes are small (about 0.3° to 0.4°C) in both a climate model and empirical reconstructions. However, regional temperature changes are quite large. In the model, these occur primarily through a forced shift towards the low index state of the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation as solar irradiation decreases. This leads to colder temperatures over the Northern Hemisphere continents, especially in winter (1-2°C), in agreement with historical records and proxy data for surface temperatures.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Shindell, D. T. and Schmidt, G. A. and Mann, M. E. and Rind, D. and Waple, A.},
  title={Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sh05100g
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Mann, M. E.
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Waple, A.
PY  - 2001
TI  - Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum
JA  - Science
VL  - 294
SP  - 2149
EP  - 2152
DO  - 10.1126/science.1064363
ER  -

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