Publication Abstracts

Sherman et al. 2021

Sherman, P., M. Gao, S. Song, A.T. Archibald, N.L. Abraham, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Shindell, G. Faluvegi, and M.B. McElroy, 2021: Sensitivity of modeled Indian monsoon to Chinese and Indian aerosol emissions. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3593-3605, doi:10.5194/acp-21-3593-2021.

The South Asian summer monsoon supplies over 80% of India's precipitation. Industrialization over the past few decades has resulted in severe aerosol pollution in India. Understanding monsoonal sensitivity to aerosol emissions in general circulation models (GCMs) could improve predictability of observed future precipitation changes. The aims here are (1) to assess the role of aerosols in India's monsoon precipitation and (2) to determine the roles of local and regional emissions. For (1), we study the Precipitation Driver Response Model Intercomparison Project experiments. We find that the precipitation response to changes in black carbon is highly uncertain with a large intermodel spread due in part to model differences in simulating changes in cloud vertical profiles. Effects from sulfate are clearer; increased sulfate reduces Indian precipitation, a consistency through all of the models studied here. For (2), we study bespoke simulations, with reduced Chinese and/or Indian emissions in three GCMs. A significant increase in precipitation (up to ∼20%) is found only when both countries' sulfur emissions are regulated, which has been driven in large part by dynamic shifts in the location of convective regions in India. These changes have the potential to restore a portion of the precipitation losses induced by sulfate forcing over the last few decades.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Sherman, P. and Gao, M. and Song, S. and Archibald, A. T. and Abraham, N. L. and Lamarque, J.-F. and Shindell, D. and Faluvegi, G. and McElroy, M. B.},
  title={Sensitivity of modeled Indian monsoon to Chinese and Indian aerosol emissions},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sh04800g
AU  - Sherman, P.
AU  - Gao, M.
AU  - Song, S.
AU  - Archibald, A. T.
AU  - Abraham, N. L.
AU  - Lamarque, J.-F.
AU  - Shindell, D.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - McElroy, M. B.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Sensitivity of modeled Indian monsoon to Chinese and Indian aerosol emissions
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
VL  - 21
SP  - 3593
EP  - 3605
DO  - 10.5194/acp-21-3593-2021
ER  -

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