Publication Abstracts

Shindell et al. 1999

Shindell, D.T., R.L. Miller, G.A. Schmidt, and L. Pandolfo, 1999: Simulation of recent northern winter climate trends by greenhouse-gas forcing. Nature, 399, 452-455, doi:10.1038/20905.

The temperature of air at the Earth's surface has risen during the past century, but the fraction of the warming that can be attributed to anthropogenic greenhouse gases remains controversial. The strongest warming trends have been over Northern Hemisphere land masses during winter, and are closely related to changes in atmospheric circulation. These circulation changes are manifested by a gradual reduction in high-latitude sea-level pressure, and an increase in mid-latitude sea-level pressure associated with one phase of the Arctic Oscillation (a hemisphere-scale version of the North Atlantic Oscillation). Here we use several different climate-model versions to demonstrate that the observed sea-level pressure trends, including their magnitude, can be simulated by realistic increases in greenhouse-gas concentrations. Thus, although the warming appears through a naturally occurring mode of atmospheric variability, it may be anthropogenically induced and may continue to rise. The Arctic Oscillation trend is captured only in climate models that include a realistic representation of the stratosphere, while changes in ozone concentrations are not necessary to simulate the observed climate trends. The proper representation of stratospheric dynamics appears to be important to the attribution of climate change, at least on a broad regional scale.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Shindell, D. T. and Miller, R. L. and Schmidt, G. A. and Pandolfo, L.},
  title={Simulation of recent northern winter climate trends by greenhouse-gas forcing},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sh00100w
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Miller, R. L.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Pandolfo, L.
PY  - 1999
TI  - Simulation of recent northern winter climate trends by greenhouse-gas forcing
JA  - Nature
VL  - 399
SP  - 452
EP  - 455
DO  - 10.1038/20905
ER  -

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