Publication Abstracts

Seltzer et al. 2017

Seltzer, K.M., D.T. Shindell, G. Faluvegi, and L.T. Murray, 2017: Evaluating modeled impact metrics for human health, agriculture growth, and near-term climate. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, no. 24, 13506-13524, doi:10.1002/2017JD026780.

Simulated metrics that assess impacts on human health, agriculture growth, and near-term climate were evaluated using ground based and satellite observations. The NASA GISS ModelE2 and GEOS-Chem models were used to simulate the near present chemistry of the atmosphere. A suite of simulations that varied by model, meteorology, horizontal resolution, emissions inventory, and emissions year were performed, enabling an analysis of metric sensitivities to various model components. All simulations utilized consistent anthropogenic global emissions inventories (ECLIPSE V5a or CEDS) and an evaluation of simulated results were carried out for 2004-2006 and 2009-2011 over the United States and 2014-2015 over China. Results for O3- and PM2.5-based metrics featured minor differences due to the model resolutions considered here (2.0°×2.5° and 0.5°×0.666°), and model, meteorology, and emissions inventory each played larger roles in variances. Surface metrics related to O3 were consistently high biased, though to varying degrees, demonstrating the need to evaluate particular modeling frameworks before O3 impacts are quantified. Surface metrics related to PM2.5 were regionally diverse, indicating a multi-model mean with robust results are valuable tools in predicting PM2.5 related impacts. Oftentimes, the configuration that captured the change of a metric best over time differed from the configuration that captured the magnitude of the same metric best, demonstrating the challenge in skillfully simulating impacts. These results highlight the strengths and weaknesses of these models in simulating impact metrics related to air quality and near-term climate. With such information, the reliability of historical and future simulations can be better understood.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Seltzer, K. M. and Shindell, D. T. and Faluvegi, G. and Murray, L. T.},
  title={Evaluating modeled impact metrics for human health, agriculture growth, and near-term climate},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - se05200z
AU  - Seltzer, K. M.
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Murray, L. T.
PY  - 2017
TI  - Evaluating modeled impact metrics for human health, agriculture growth, and near-term climate
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 122
IS  - 24
SP  - 13506
EP  - 13524
DO  - 10.1002/2017JD026780
ER  -

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