Publication Abstracts

Self et al. 1997

Self, S., M.R. Rampino, J. Zhao, and M.G. Katz, 1997: Volcanic aerosol perturbations and strong El Niño events: No general correlation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1247-1250, doi:10.1029/97GL01127.

24 %AB We test the hypothesis that El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events are caused or enhanced by volcanic aerosol perturbations using two methods: 1) A case-by-case comparison of the 16 strongest El Niño events of the last 150 years with the characteristics of the largest concurrent volcanic events, and 2) Comparison of the timing of the strong El Niño events and the independently determined record of stratospheric optical depth (tau) perturbations. Many eruptions that occurred near times of strong El Niño years produced small amounts of stratospheric aerosols, in many cases the relative timing of the two events argues against triggering. The correlation of 4 of 11 peaks in global stratospheric optical depth (tau ≥ 0.025) within 3 years of strong El Niño events over the last 150 years is what would be expected by chance. Moreover, five strong El Niños occurred between 1915 and 1960, when the stratosphere was laregely free of volcanoic aerosols. Of the three strongest tropical volcanic aerosol perturbations that coincided with or were followed by strong El Niños in the time period (Krakatau in 1883, El Chichon in 1982, and Pinatubo in 1991), the two modern ones occurred after the earliest SST warming of the El Niño events. The coincidence of these two phenomena indicates no causatuve relationship.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Self, S. and Rampino, M. R. and Zhao, J. and Katz, M. G.},
  title={Volcanic aerosol perturbations and strong El Niño events: No general correlation},
  journal={Geophys. Res. Lett.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - se05000n
AU  - Self, S.
AU  - Rampino, M. R.
AU  - Zhao, J.
AU  - Katz, M. G.
PY  - 1997
TI  - Volcanic aerosol perturbations and strong El Niño events: No general correlation
JA  - Geophys. Res. Lett.
VL  - 24
SP  - 1247
EP  - 1250
DO  - 10.1029/97GL01127
ER  -

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