Publication Abstracts

Sand et al. 2020

Sand, M., B.H. Samset, K. Tsigaridis, S.E. Bauer, and G. Myhre, 2020: Black carbon and precipitation: An energetics perspective. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, no. 13, e2019JD032239, doi:10.1029/2019JD032239.

Black carbon aerosols (BC) influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the energy budget and precipitation impacts of adding a layer of BC at a range of altitudes in two independent global climate models. The models are run with atmosphere-only and slab ocean model setup to analyze both fast and slow responses, respectively. Globally, precipitation changes are tightly coupled to the energy budget. We decompose the precipitation change into contributions from absorption of solar radiation, atmospheric longwave radiative cooling, and sensible heat flux at the surface. We find that for atmosphere-only simulations, BC rapidly suppress precipitation, independent of altitude, mainly because of strong atmospheric absorption. This reduction is offset by increased atmospheric radiative longwave cooling and reduced sensible heat flux at the surface, but not of sufficient magnitude to prevent reduced precipitation. On longer timescales, when the surface temperature is allowed to respond, we find that the precipitation increase associated with surface warming can compensate for the initial reduction, particularly for BC in the lower atmosphere. Even though the underlying processes are strikingly similar in the two models, the resulting change in precipitation and temperature by BC differ quite substantially.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

  author={Sand, M. and Samset, B. H. and Tsigaridis, K. and Bauer, S. E. and Myhre, G.},
  title={Black carbon and precipitation: An energetics perspective},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

ID  - sa09300n
AU  - Sand, M.
AU  - Samset, B. H.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Myhre, G.
PY  - 2020
TI  - Black carbon and precipitation: An energetics perspective
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 125
IS  - 13
SP  - e2019JD032239
DO  - 10.1029/2019JD032239
ER  -

[ Close ]

• Return to 2020 Publications

• Return to Publications Homepage