Publication Abstracts

Sand et al. 2021, accepted

Sand, M., B.H. Samset, G. Myhre, J. Gliß, S.E. Bauer, H. Bian, M. Chin, R. Checa-Garcia, P. Ginoux, Z. Kipling, A. Kirkevåg, H. Kokkola, P. Le Sager, M.T. Lund, H. Matsui, T. van Noije, S. Remy, M. Schulz, P. Stier, C.W. Stjern, T. Takemura, K. Tsigaridis, S.G. Tsyro, and D. Watson-Parris, 2021: Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom Phase III. Atmos. Chem. Phys., accepted.

Aerosol induced absorption of shortwave radiation can modify the climate through local atmospheric heating, which affects lapse rates, precipitation, and cloud formation. Presently, the total amount of such absorption is poorly constrained, and the main absorbing aerosol species (black carbon (BC), organic aerosols (OA) and mineral dust are diversely quantified in global climate models. As part of the third phase of the AeroCom model intercomparison initiative (AeroCom Phase III) we here document the distribution and magnitude of aerosol absorption in current global aerosols models and quantify the sources of intermodel spread. 15 models have provided total present-day absorption at 550 nm, and 11 of these models have provided absorption per absorbing species. The multi-model global annual mean total absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) is 0.0056 [0.0020 to 0.0097] (550 nm) with range given as the minimum and maximum model values. This is 31% higher compared to 0.0042 [0.0021 to 0.0076] in AeroCom Phase II, but the difference/increase is within one standard deviation which in this study is 0.0024 (0.0019 in Phase II). The models show considerable diversity in absorption. Of the summed component AAOD, 57% (range 34-84%) is estimated to be due to BC, 30% (12-49%) is due to dust and 14% (4-49%) is due to OA, however the components are not entirely independent. Models with the lowest BC absorption tend to have the highest OA absorption, which illustrates the complexities in separating the species. The geographical distribution of AAOD between the models varies greatly and reflects the spread in global mean AAOD and in the relative contributions from individual species. The optical properties of BC are recognized as a large source of uncertainty. The model mean BC mass absorption coefficient (MACBC) value is 9.8 [3.1 to 16.6] m2/g (550 nm). Observed MAC values from various locations range between 5.7-20.0 m2/g (550 nm). Compared to retrievals of AAOD and absorption Ångstrøm exponent (AAE) from ground-based observations from the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) stations, most models underestimate total AAOD and AAE. The difference in spectral dependency between the models is striking. %ER.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Sand, M. and Samset, B. H. and Myhre, G. and Gliß, J. and Bauer, S. E. and Bian, H. and Chin, M. and Checa-Garcia, R. and Ginoux, P. and Kipling, Z. and Kirkevåg, A. and Kokkola, H. and Le Sager, P. and Lund, M. T. and Matsui, H. and van Noije, T. and Remy, S. and Schulz, M. and Stier, P. and Stjern, C. W. and Takemura, T. and Tsigaridis, K. and Tsyro, S. G. and Watson-Parris, D.},
  title={Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom Phase III},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - sa01400p
AU  - Sand, M.
AU  - Samset, B. H.
AU  - Myhre, G.
AU  - Gliß, J.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Bian, H.
AU  - Chin, M.
AU  - Checa-Garcia, R.
AU  - Ginoux, P.
AU  - Kipling, Z.
AU  - Kirkevåg, A.
AU  - Kokkola, H.
AU  - Le Sager, P.
AU  - Lund, M. T.
AU  - Matsui, H.
AU  - van Noije, T.
AU  - Remy, S.
AU  - Schulz, M.
AU  - Stier, P.
AU  - Stjern, C. W.
AU  - Takemura, T.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Tsyro, S. G.
AU  - Watson-Parris, D.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom Phase III
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
ER  -

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