Publication Abstracts

Ruane and Rosenzweig 2019

Ruane, A.C., and C. Rosenzweig, 2019: Chapter 5: Climate change impacts on agriculture. In Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050. P. Pingali and R. Serraj, Eds., World Scientific Series in Grand Public Policy Challenges of the 21st Century, vol. 2. World Scientific, pp. 161-191, doi:10.1142/9789813278356_0005.

Food and health systems face increasing risk owing to progressive climate change now manifesting itself as more frequent, severe extreme weather events — heat waves, droughts, and floods. Often without warning, weather-related shocks can have catastrophic and reverberating impacts on the increasingly exposed global food system — through production, processing, distribution, retail, disposal, and waste. Simultaneously, malnutrition and ill health are arising from lack of access to nutritious food, exacerbated in crises such as food price spikes or shortages. For some countries, particularly import-dependent low-income countries, weather shocks and price spikes can lead to social unrest, famine, and migration.

Although previous actions have already guaranteed a human fingerprint on Earth's climate system, the extent to which the climate will change in coming years will depend on future emissions, land use, and technological innovations. Furthermore, the extent to which climate changes will affect agricultural systems and dependent populations will be determined by our ability to anticipate risks, diagnose vulnerabilities, and develop mitigation and adaptation strategies that lessen agricultural sector damages.

Climate change impacts on agriculture must be understood in the context of the intertwined systems that affect food security and agricultural trade, including biological, socioeconomic, and political processes. Rapid gains in socioeconomic development around the world may give the mistaken impression that climate change is not detrimental, but in many of these regions climate change impacts act as an additional burden holding back the pace of development. In addition to the biological impact of changing climate conditions on farms, future agricultural production will be affected by economic and policy incentives across a wide variety of stakeholders and actors both locally and interacting through global markets.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Ruane, A. C. and Rosenzweig, C.},
  editor={Pingali, P. and Serraj, R.},
  title={Chapter 5: Climate change impacts on agriculture},
  booktitle={Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050},
  publisher={World Scientific},
  series={World Scientific Series in Grand Public Policy Challenges of the 21st Century},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ru07300l
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Pingali, P.
ED  - Serraj, R.
PY  - 2019
TI  - Chapter 5: Climate change impacts on agriculture
BT  - Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050
T3  - World Scientific Series in Grand Public Policy Challenges of the 21st Century
VL  - 2
SP  - 161
EP  - 191
DO  - 10.1142/9789813278356_0005
PB  - World Scientific
ER  -

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