Publication Abstracts

Ruane 2010

Ruane, A.C., 2010: NARR's atmospheric water cycle components — Part II: Summertime mean and diurnal interactions. J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 1220-1233, doi:10.1175/2010JHM1279.1.

Summertime interactions in the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) atmospheric water cycle are examined from a user's perspective over the 1980-1999 period with a particular emphasis on the diurnal cycle, the nocturnal maximum of precipitation over the US Midwest, and the impacts of precipitation assimilation. NARR's full-year mean atmospheric water cycle and its annual variations are examined in Part I of this study.

North American summertime (June-August) features substantial convective activity that is often organized on a diurnal scale, although diverse regional diurnal features are evident to various extents in high-resolution precipitation products. NARR's hourly assimilation of precipitation observations over the continental United States allows it to resolve diurnal effects on the water cycle, but in other regions the diurnal cycle of precipitation is imposed from an external reanalysis model. The prominent nocturnal maximum in precipitation across the upper US Midwest is captured in NARR, but different precipitation assimilation sources disrupt the propagation of convective systems across the Canadian border. Normalized covariances of NARR's diurnal water cycle component interactions in the nocturnal maximum region reveal a strong relationship between moisture convergence and precipitation, and also measure the way in which the precipitable water column holds a lagged response between evaporation and precipitation. In many regions the diurnal cycle of rainfall is driven by interactions with water cycle components that differ from those driving the seasonal cycle. A comparison between NARR's precipitation and an estimate of model precipitation prior to precipitation assimilation distinguishes the portion of the water cycle captured in full by the model and that which is value added by the assimilation routine. The nocturnal rainfall maximum is not present in the model precipitation estimate, leading to diurnal-scale biases in the evaporation and moisture flux convergence fields that are not directly modified by precipitation assimilation.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ru06100c,
  author={Ruane, A. C.},
  title={NARR's atmospheric water cycle components — Part II: Summertime mean and diurnal interactions},
  year={2010},
  journal={J. Hydrometeorol.},
  volume={11},
  pages={1220--1233},
  doi={10.1175/2010JHM1279.1},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ru06100c
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
PY  - 2010
TI  - NARR's atmospheric water cycle components — Part II: Summertime mean and diurnal interactions
JA  - J. Hydrometeorol.
VL  - 11
SP  - 1220
EP  - 1233
DO  - 10.1175/2010JHM1279.1
ER  -

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