Publication Abstracts

Ruane et al. 2018

Ruane, A.C., M.M. Phillips, and C. Rosenzweig, 2018: Climate shifts for major agricultural seasons in +1.5 and +2.0°C worlds: HAPPI projections and AgMIP modeling scenarios. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 259, 329-344, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.05.013.

This study compares climate changes in major agricultural regions and current agricultural seasons associated with global warming of +1.5 or +2.0°C above pre-industrial conditions. It describes the generation of climate scenarios for agricultural modeling applications conducted as part of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Coordinated Global and Regional Assessments. Climate scenarios from the Half a degree Additional warming, Projections, Prognosis and Impacts project (HAPPI) are largely consistent with transient scenarios extracted from RCP4.5 simulations of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). Focusing on food and agricultural systems and top-producing breadbaskets in particular, we distinguish maize, rice, wheat, and soy season changes from global annual mean climate changes. Many agricultural regions warm at a rate that is faster than the global mean surface temperature (including oceans) but slower than the mean land surface temperature, leading to regional warming that exceeds 0.5°C between the +1.5 and +2.0°C Worlds. Agricultural growing seasons warm at a pace slightly behind the annual temperature trends in most regions, while precipitation increases slightly ahead of the annual rate. Rice cultivation regions show reduced warming as they are concentrated where monsoon rainfall is projected to intensify, although projections are influenced by Asian aerosol loading in climate mitigation scenarios. Compared to CMIP5, HAPPI slightly underestimates the CO2 concentration that corresponds to the +1.5°C World but overestimates the CO2 concentration for the +2.0°C World, which means that HAPPI scenarios may also lead to an overestimate in the beneficial effects of CO2 on crops in the +2.0°C World. HAPPI enables detailed analysis of the shifting distribution of extreme growing season temperatures and precipitation, highlighting widespread increases in extreme heat seasons and heightened skewness toward hot seasons in the tropics. Shifts in the probability of extreme drought seasons generally tracked median precipitation changes; however, some regions skewed toward drought conditions even where median precipitation changes were small. Together, these findings highlight unique seasonal and agricultural region changes in the +1.5°C and +2.0°C worlds for adaptation planning in these climate stabilization targets.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ru04300i,
  author={Ruane, A. C. and Phillips, M. M. and Rosenzweig, C.},
  title={Climate shifts for major agricultural seasons in +1.5 and +2.0°C worlds: HAPPI projections and AgMIP modeling scenarios},
  year={2018},
  journal={Agric. Forest Meteorol.},
  volume={259},
  pages={329--344},
  doi={10.1016%2Fj.agrformet.2018.05.013},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ru04300i
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Phillips, M. M.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
PY  - 2018
TI  - Climate shifts for major agricultural seasons in +1.5 and +2.0°C worlds: HAPPI projections and AgMIP modeling scenarios
JA  - Agric. Forest Meteorol.
VL  - 259
SP  - 329
EP  - 344
DO  - 10.1016%2Fj.agrformet.2018.05.013
ER  -

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