Publication Abstracts

Rosenzweig and Hillel 2018

Rosenzweig, C., and D. Hillel, 2018: Climate change challenges to agriculture, food security, and health. In Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics. C. Rosenzweig, D. Rind, A. Lacis, and D. Manley, Eds., Lectures in Climate Change: Volume 1. World Scientific, pp. 373-395, doi:10.1142/9789813148796_0018.

We have learned from our brilliant and dedicated colleague, David Rind, that the already evident and further-anticipated process of anthropogenic climate change raises worldwide concerns regarding agricultural production, food security, and public health. The four pillars of food security — its availability, accessibility, utilization, and stability — will all be affected by the expected changes in climate over the coming century. At both global and regional scales, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has demonstrated that the provision of food security and maintenance of ecosystem services are under threat from dangerous human interference in the Earths climate (Porter et al., 2014). The FAO emphasizes that the main cause of hunger and malnutrition is not the lack of food per se, but the inability of vulnerable groups to buy food in many places (FAO, 2014). Furthermore, the IPCC has determined that global food prices will likely increase by the year 2050 as a result of changes in temperature and precipitation (Porter et al., 2014). At country scales, nations are concerned over potential damages that may arise in coming decades from climate change impacts on agriculture and the food system, as these are likely to affect theircitizens well-being, regional planning, resource use, trading patterns, and international policies.

While agroclimatic conditions, as well as land resources and their management, are key components of food production, current framing of agriculture expands beyond production to encompass the entire food system. The main food system components include the processes of (1) growth, harvesting, and production; (2) distribution; (3) food preparation, preservation, and processing; (4) marketing and retail; (5) food use and consumption; and(6) disposal of food waste (FAO, 2014; San Francisco Food Systems, 2005; Center for Ecoliteracy, 2015). This encompasses demand as well as supply, both of which are critically affected by distinct socioeconomic pressures, including current and projected trends in population, income growth and distribution, as well as the availability and access to technology and development. Since 1970, for instance, average daily per capita intake has risen globally from 2400 to 2900 calories, spurred by economic growth, improved production systems, international trade, and globalization of food markets (WHO, 2015).

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BibTeX Citation

@inbook{ro09510d,
  author={Rosenzweig, C. and Hillel, D.},
  editor={Rosenzweig, C. and Rind, D. and Lacis, A. and Manley, D.},
  title={Climate change challenges to agriculture, food security, and health},
  booktitle={Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics},
  year={2018},
  pages={373--395},
  publisher={World Scientific},
  series={Lectures in Climate Change: Volume 1},
  doi={10.1142/9789813148796_0018},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - ro09510d
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
AU  - Hillel, D.
ED  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Rind, D.
ED  - Lacis, A.
ED  - Manley, D.
PY  - 2018
TI  - Climate change challenges to agriculture, food security, and health
BT  - Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics
T3  - Lectures in Climate Change: Volume 1
SP  - 373
EP  - 395
DO  - 10.1142/9789813148796_0018
PB  - World Scientific
ER  -

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