Publication Abstracts

Hillel and Rosenzweig 2012

Hillel, D., and C. Rosenzweig, 2012: Conclusion: Agricultural solutions for climate change at global and regional scales. In Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: Global and Regional Aspects and Implications. D. Hillel and C. Rosenzweig, Eds., ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 2. Imperial College Press, pp. 281-292.

The chapters in this volume represent a worldwide survey of potential agricultural responses to climate change. Agriculture is here defined in its broadest sense as encompassing all the systems of plant and animal production that humans use to obtain food, feed, natural fiber, and biofuel. Several major conclusions arise from this volume's tour d'horizon of agricultural responses to climate change, both in regards to mitigation and adaptation.

First, many authors emphasize that the linkages between climate and agricultural production are complex due to the interactions of temporal and spatial scales related to within-season weather, decadal variability, and long-term climate change processes. Climate variations at different time scales (seasonal, decadal, and longerterm) and spatial scales may either spur or retard agricultural production in different regions. Hence regions with large observed components of decadal variability need to factor the uncertainty due to this climate variability into their adaptation plans. Sustained programs of observations, projections, and research are essential to help fulfill these needs.

The second major conclusion is that the agricultural regions of the world are already responding to current climate change and planning for the future in regard to both mitigation and adaptation. The regional chapters make clear that climate change is already affecting and will continue to affect different agricultural regions in various ways in the coming decades. The regional chapters indicate that agriculture in developing countries is highly vulnerable to climate change, and that future impacts on developed regions are also important due to their large role in international trade. While mitigation and adaptation strategies can be generalized for agriculture at a global scale, specific measures need to be developed at regional scales, considering the great diversity in agricultural systems and settings. The various chapters in this book demonstrate the myriad of constructive approaches currently available or under development to both mitigate and adapt to climate change at the regional scale.

The third major conclusion is that enhanced investment in research is essential to further climate change mitigation and adaptation. In recognition of the importance of climate variability and change to agriculture, a working group of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America developed a position statement on climate change. This document addresses many of the themes explored in this volume and presents a challenge to the research community to fill the knowledge gaps that require immediate attention.

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BibTeX Citation

@inbook{ro07210t,
  author={Hillel, D. and Rosenzweig, C.},
  editor={Hillel, D. and Rosenzweig, C.},
  title={Conclusion: Agricultural solutions for climate change at global and regional scales.},
  booktitle={Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: Global and Regional Aspects and Implications},
  year={2012},
  pages={281--292},
  publisher={Imperial College Press},
  address={London},
  series={ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 2},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - ro07210t
AU  - Hillel, D.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Hillel, D.
ED  - Rosenzweig, C.
PY  - 2012
TI  - Conclusion: Agricultural solutions for climate change at global and regional scales.
BT  - Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: Global and Regional Aspects and Implications
T3  - ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 2
SP  - 281
EP  - 292
PB  - Imperial College Press
CY  - London
ER  -

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