Publication Abstracts

Romanski 2009

Romanski, J., 2009: Investigating the Role of Individual Diabatic Heating Components in Global Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Sensitivity: An Energetics Approach. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

The generation of zonal and eddy available potential energy (Gz and Ge) as envisioned by Lorenz (1955) are computed on a global, daily, synoptic-scale basis. Using global, mostly satellite-derived datasets for the diabatic heating components and the temperature enables us to obtain Gz and especially Ge with greater accuracy and at higher temporal and spatial resolution than previously possible. In particular, we are able to consider the contribution of each diabatic heating component separately and in combination. We use this information to determine how various processes contribute to the energy available for the general and eddy circulations.

Contributions to the global mean daily mean Gz and Ge are computed at a horizontal resolution of 2.5° for the lower troposphere (surface to 680mb), middle troposphere (680-440mb), upper troposphere (440mb to 100mb) and stratosphere (100mb to TOA) for 1997 through 2000. Comparisons to earlier estimates of the generation terms by Lorenz (1967) and Peixoto and Oort (1992) are made. The seasonal and spatial variability of the total generation and of the individual contributions of heating by radiative flux convergence, latent heating and sensible heat flux from the surface are discussed.

The generation of zonal and eddy potential energy (Gz and Ge) as envisioned by Lorenz (1955) is computed for seven climate models from the World Climate Research Programme's (WCRP's) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) multi-model dataset (Meehl et al 2007). Gz and Ge are computed directly from the temperature and diabatic heating fields of the current climate and a doubled CO2 climate. The seasonal and spatial variability of the total generation and of the individual contributions of heating by radiative flux convergence, latent heating and sensible heat flux from the surface of each model are compared to one another, and evaluated with respect to the same quantities computed from observations. In contrast to a recent study of AMIP2 model runs by Boer and Lambert (2008), and an older study by Siegmund (1995), which found that the simulated rate of working of the models' climates were too strong compared to the observations, our results find that the data-derived generation is somewhat larger than that of the models studied here. The reasons for this are discussed in terms of the contributions to the total G from each diabatic heating component.

The response of the models' Gz and Ge to doubled CO2 is described for the total, and for each heating component. As in an earlier study by Boer (1995), we find that in every case but one, the models exhibit smaller Gz in a warmer climate, however our results differ from Boer's in that we also observe reductions in DJF Ge in response to doubled CO2 in five out of the seven models studied.

The models' total Gz and Ge, the contributions to each from the individual diabatic heating components, and the change in these quantities in response to increased greenhouse gases is evaluated as a function of climate sensitivity.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

@phdthesis{ro05010p,
  author={Romanski, J.},
  title={Investigating the Role of Individual Diabatic Heating Components in Global Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Sensitivity: An Energetics Approach},
  year={2009},
  school={Columbia University},
  address={New York, N.Y.},
}

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

TY  - THES
ID  - ro05010p
AU  - Romanski, J.
PY  - 2009
BT  - Investigating the Role of Individual Diabatic Heating Components in Global Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Sensitivity: An Energetics Approach
PB  - Columbia University
CY  - New York, N.Y.
ER  -

[ Close ]

➤ Return to 2009 Publications

➤ Return to Publications Homepage