Publication Abstracts

Rind et al. 1999

Rind, D., J. Lerner, K. Shah, and R. Suozzo, 1999: Use of on-line tracers as a diagnostic tool in general circulation model development: 2. Transport between the troposphere and stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 9151-9167, doi:10.1029/1999JD900006.

The effect of altering the vertical resolution of a general circulation model and processes associated with it are used to investigate mixing between the troposphere and stratosphere. Four on-line tracers are employed: chlorofluorocarbon-11 and SF6 for mixing from the troposphere into the stratosphere, Rn222 for vertical mixing within the troposphere, and 14C for mixing from the troposphere into the troposphere. Four standard models are tested, with varying vertical resolution, gravity wave drag, and location of the model top, and additional subsidiary models are employed to examine specific features. The results show that proper vertical transport between the troposphere and stratosphere in the Goddard Institute for Space Studies models requires lifting the top of the model considerably out of the stratosphere and including gravity wave drag in the lower stratosphere. Increased vertical resolution without these aspects does not improve tropospheric-stratospheric exchange. The transport appears to be driven largely by the residual circulation within the stratosphere; associated Eliassen-Palm flux convergences require both realistic upward propagating energy from the troposphere and realistic pass-through possibilities. A 23-layer version with a top at the mesopauase and incorporating gravity wave drag appears to have reasonable stratospheric-tropospheric exchange in terms of both the resulting tracer distributions and atmospheric mass fluxes.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ri03100m,
  author={Rind, D. and Lerner, J. and Shah, K. and Suozzo, R.},
  title={Use of on-line tracers as a diagnostic tool in general circulation model development: 2. Transport between the troposphere and stratosphere},
  year={1999},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={104},
  pages={9151--9167},
  doi={10.1029/1999JD900006},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ri03100m
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Lerner, J.
AU  - Shah, K.
AU  - Suozzo, R.
PY  - 1999
TI  - Use of on-line tracers as a diagnostic tool in general circulation model development: 2. Transport between the troposphere and stratosphere
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 104
SP  - 9151
EP  - 9167
DO  - 10.1029/1999JD900006
ER  -

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