Publication Abstracts

Rind et al. 2001

Rind, D., J. Lerner, and C. McLinden, 2001: Changes of tracer distributions in the doubled CO2 climate. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28061-28079, doi:10.1029/2001JD000439.

Changes in tracer distribution in the troposphere and stratosphere are calculated from a control and doubled CO2 climate simulation run with the Goddard Institute for Space Studies Global Climate Middle Atmosphere Model. Transport changes are assessed using seven on-line tracers. Results show that interhemispheric transport is reduced by 5% along with a reduction in the Hadley circulation. Tropical transport from the troposphere into the stratosphere increases by some 30% associated with an increase in the stratospheric substropical residual circulation. The tropical pipe becomes significantly more leaky, and greater transport into the lowermost stratosphere in the subtropics appears to be occurring, possibly in conjunction with a poleward shift in wave energy convergences. An increase in the high-latitude lower stratosphere residual circulation reduces the stratospheric residence time of extratropical injections such as bomb 14C by 11%. Vertical mixing within the troposphere by convection increases, reducing low level concentrations of tracers. The Hadley cell change is affected by the latitudinal gradient of tropical warming. The high-latitude lower stratosphere residual circulation change depends on the latitudinal gradient of the extratropical warming. Increased penetrating convection to the upper troposphere and the intensified residual circulation in the tropical pper tropospher/lower stratosphere appear to be the most robust of these results, with a magnitude that depends upon the degree of tropical warming. The consequence of this circulation change is to increase trace gas concentrations in the stratosphere and to decrease them in the troposphere for those species that have tropospheric sources.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ri02200i,
  author={Rind, D. and Lerner, J. and McLinden, C.},
  title={Changes of tracer distributions in the doubled CO2 climate},
  year={2001},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={106},
  pages={28061--28079},
  doi={10.1029/2001JD000439},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ri02200i
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Lerner, J.
AU  - McLinden, C.
PY  - 2001
TI  - Changes of tracer distributions in the doubled CO2 climate
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 106
SP  - 28061
EP  - 28079
DO  - 10.1029/2001JD000439
ER  -

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