Publication Abstracts

Rampino and Volk 1988

Rampino, M.R., and T. Volk, 1988: Mass extinctions, atmospheric sulfur and climatic warming at the K/T boundary. Nature, 332, 63-65, doi:10.1038/332063a0.

A connection has recently been proposed between cloud albedo over the oceans and the release of dimethyl sulphide (DMS) by marine algae. DMS acts as a precursor for most of the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) in the marine atmosphere. The mass extinctions at the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary include about 90% of marine calcareous nannoplankton, and carbon isotope data show that marine primary productivity as a whole was drastically reduced for at least several tens of thousands of years, and perhaps up to a million years after the extinction event. The elimination of most marine calcareous phytoplankton would have meant a severe decrease in DMS production, leading to a drastic reduction in CCN and hence marine cloud albedo. Here we examine the possible climatic effects of a drastic decrease in CCN associated with a severe reduction in the global marine phytoplankton abundance. Calculations suggest that a reduction in CCN of more than 80%, and the resulting decrease in marine cloud albedo, could have produced a rapid global warming of 6°C or more. Oxygen isotope analyses of marine sediments from many parts of the world have been interpreted as indicating a marked warming coincident with the demise of calcareous nannoplankton at the K/T boundary. Decreased marine cloud albedo, and resulting high sea surface temperatures could have been a factor in the maintenance of low productivity in the 'Strangelove Ocean' period following the K/T extinctions.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ra05400j,
  author={Rampino, M. R. and Volk, T.},
  title={Mass extinctions, atmospheric sulfur and climatic warming at the K/T boundary},
  year={1988},
  journal={Nature},
  volume={332},
  pages={63--65},
  doi={10.1038/332063a0},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ra05400j
AU  - Rampino, M. R.
AU  - Volk, T.
PY  - 1988
TI  - Mass extinctions, atmospheric sulfur and climatic warming at the K/T boundary
JA  - Nature
VL  - 332
SP  - 63
EP  - 65
DO  - 10.1038/332063a0
ER  -

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