Publication Abstracts

Prather and Spivakovsky 1990

Prather, M., and C.M. Spivakovsky, 1990: Tropospheric OH and the lifetimes of hydrochlorofluorocarbons. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 18723-18729, doi:10.1029/JD095iD11p18723.

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) may be used as alternatives for the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Lifetimes for the HCFCs are predicted here in two ways: integrating their loss with a global model, and scaling to another compound with a better known lifetime. Both approaches are shown here to yield similar results. Three-dimensional fields of modeled tropospheric OH concentrations are used to calculate lifetimes against destruction of OH for the HCFCs and other hydrogenated halocarbons. The OH fields are taken from a three-dimensional chemical transport model [Spivakovsky et al., 1990] that accurately simulates the global measurements of methyl chloroform (derived lifetime of 5.5 yr). The lifetimes of various hydro-halocarbons are shown to be insensitive to possible spatial variations and seasonal cycles. It is possible to scale the HCFC lifetimes to that of methyl chloroform or methane by using a ratio of the rate coefficients for reaction with OH at an appropriate temperature, about 277 K.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Prather, M. and Spivakovsky, C. M.},
  title={Tropospheric OH and the lifetimes of hydrochlorofluorocarbons},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - pr03100m
AU  - Prather, M.
AU  - Spivakovsky, C. M.
PY  - 1990
TI  - Tropospheric OH and the lifetimes of hydrochlorofluorocarbons
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 95
SP  - 18723
EP  - 18729
DO  - 10.1029/JD095iD11p18723
ER  -

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