Publication Abstracts

Pithan et al. 2016

Pithan, F., A.S. Ackerman, W.M. Angevine, K. Hartung, L. Ickes, M. Kelley, B. Medeiros, I. Sandu, G.-J. Steeneveld, H. Sterk, G. Svensson, P.A. Vaillancourt, and A. Zadra, 2016: Select strengths and biases of models in representing the Arctic winter boundary layer: The Larcform 1 single column model intercomparison. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 8, no. 3, 1345-1357, doi:10.1002/2016MS000630.

Weather and climate models struggle to represent lower tropospheric temperature and moisture profiles and surface fluxes in Arctic winter, partly because they lack or misrepresent physical processes that are specific to high latitudes. Observations have revealed two preferred states of the Arctic winter boundary layer. In the cloudy state, cloud liquid water limits surface radiative cooling, and temperature inversions are weak and elevated. In the radiatively clear state, strong surface radiative cooling leads to the build-up of surface-based temperature inversions. Many large-scale models lack the cloudy state, and some substantially underestimate inversion strength in the clear state. Here, the transformation from a moist to a cold dry air mass is modeled using an idealized Lagrangian perspective. The trajectory includes both boundary layer states, and the single-column experiment is the first Lagrangian Arctic air formation experiment (Larcform 1) organized within GEWEX GASS (Global atmospheric system studies). The intercomparison reproduces the typical biases of large-scale models: some models lack the cloudy state of the boundary layer due to the representation of mixed-phase microphysics or to the interaction between micro- and macrophysics. In some models, high emissivities of ice clouds or the lack of an insulating snow layer prevent the build-up of surface-based inversions in the radiatively clear state. Models substantially disagree on the amount of cloud liquid water in the cloudy state and on turbulent heat fluxes under clear skies. Observations of air mass transformations including both boundary layer states would allow for a tighter constraint of model behavior.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{pi09000j,
  author={Pithan, F. and Ackerman, A. S. and Angevine, W. M. and Hartung, K. and Ickes, L. and Kelley, M. and Medeiros, B. and Sandu, I. and Steeneveld, G.-J. and Sterk, H. and Svensson, G. and Vaillancourt, P. A. and Zadra, A.},
  title={Select strengths and biases of models in representing the Arctic winter boundary layer: The Larcform 1 single column model intercomparison},
  year={2016},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},
  volume={8},
  number={3},
  pages={1345--1357},
  doi={10.1002/2016MS000630},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - pi09000j
AU  - Pithan, F.
AU  - Ackerman, A. S.
AU  - Angevine, W. M.
AU  - Hartung, K.
AU  - Ickes, L.
AU  - Kelley, M.
AU  - Medeiros, B.
AU  - Sandu, I.
AU  - Steeneveld, G.-J.
AU  - Sterk, H.
AU  - Svensson, G.
AU  - Vaillancourt, P. A.
AU  - Zadra, A.
PY  - 2016
TI  - Select strengths and biases of models in representing the Arctic winter boundary layer: The Larcform 1 single column model intercomparison
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
VL  - 8
IS  - 3
SP  - 1345
EP  - 1357
DO  - 10.1002/2016MS000630
ER  -

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