Publication Abstracts

Peterson and Neofotis 2004

Peterson, A.G., and P.G. Neofotis, 2004: A hierarchical analysis of the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and water availability on the nitrogen and transpiration productivities of velvet mesquite seedlings. Oecologia, 141, 629-640, doi:10.1007/s00442-004-1688-y.

In this study we apply new extensions of classical growth analysis to assess the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and differences in water availability on the leaf-nitrogen and transpiration productivities of velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina Woot.) seedlings. The models relate transpiration productivity (biomass gained per mass of water transpired per day) and leaf-nitrogen productivity (biomass gain per unit leaf N per day) to whole-plant relative growth rate (RGR) and to each other, allowing a comprehensive hierarchical analysis of how physiological and morphological responses to the treatments interact with each other to affect plant growth. Elevated CO2 led to highly significant increases in N and transpiration productivities but reduced leaf N per unit leaf area and transpiration per unit leaf area, resulting in no net effect of CO2 on the RGR of seedlings. In contrast, higher water availability led to an increase in leaf-tissue thickness or density without affecting leaf N concentration, resulting in a higher leaf N per unit leaf area and consequently a higher assimilatory capacity per unit leaf area. The net effect was a marginal increase in seedling RGR. Perhaps most important from an ecological perspective was a 41% reduction in whole-plant water use due to elevated CO2. These results demonstrate that even in the absence of CO2 effects on integrative measures of plant growth such as RGR, highly significant effects may be observed at the physiological and morphological level that effectively cancel each other out. The quantitative framework presented here enables some of these tradeoffs to be identified and related directly to each other and to plant growth.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{pe02200i,
  author={Peterson, A. G. and Neofotis, P. G.},
  title={A hierarchical analysis of the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and water availability on the nitrogen and transpiration productivities of velvet mesquite seedlings},
  year={2004},
  journal={Oecologia},
  volume={141},
  pages={629--640},
  doi={10.1007/s00442-004-1688-y},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - pe02200i
AU  - Peterson, A. G.
AU  - Neofotis, P. G.
PY  - 2004
TI  - A hierarchical analysis of the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and water availability on the nitrogen and transpiration productivities of velvet mesquite seedlings
JA  - Oecologia
VL  - 141
SP  - 629
EP  - 640
DO  - 10.1007/s00442-004-1688-y
ER  -

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