Publication Abstracts

Pan et al. 2018

Pan, X., M. Chin, C. Ichoku, and R.D. Field, 2018: Connecting Indonesian fires and drought with the type of El Niño and phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole during 1979-2016. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, no. 15, 7974-7988, doi:10.1029/2018JD028402.

This study advances the previous understanding of the role of climate variability on Indonesian fire activity, by considering (i) the presence of different types of El Niño, and (ii) the interaction between El Niño and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). We classify twelve El Niño events during 1979-2016 into Eastern Pacific (EP) and Central Pacific (CP) types (four and eight El Niño events, respectively), and analyze observational data of sea surface temperature, precipitation, drought code, biomass burning carbon emission, visibility, and aerosol optical depth accordingly. We find that more intense and prolonged Indonesian drought and fires occur in the EP type, during which the emitted carbon amounts almost double those in the CP type. By further separating the CP type El Niño according to the phase of the IOD, i.e., positive and negative, we show that fire seasons with less burning intensity and shorter duration are predominantly associated with weakly positive or even negative phase of the IOD phenomena. Moreover, fire intensity exhibits geographic diversity: fires are always more intensive in southern Kalimantan than in southern Sumatra in all El Niño events, although it is less dry in the former region. The outcome of this study can be applied to drought early warning, fire management, and air quality forecast in Indonesia and adjacent areas by identifying the type of El Niño and the phase of the IOD in advance.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

@article{pa09500h,
  author={Pan, X. and Chin, M. and Ichoku, C. and Field, R. D.},
  title={Connecting Indonesian fires and drought with the type of El Niño and phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole during 1979-2016},
  year={2018},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},
  volume={123},
  number={15},
  pages={7974--7988},
  doi={10.1029/2018JD028402},
}

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - pa09500h
AU  - Pan, X.
AU  - Chin, M.
AU  - Ichoku, C.
AU  - Field, R. D.
PY  - 2018
TI  - Connecting Indonesian fires and drought with the type of El Niño and phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole during 1979-2016
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 123
IS  - 15
SP  - 7974
EP  - 7988
DO  - 10.1029/2018JD028402
ER  -

[ Close ]

• Return to 2018 Publications

• Return to Publications Homepage