Publication Abstracts

Parker et al. 1997

Parker, D.E., H. Wilson, P.D. Jones, J.R. Christy, and C.K. Folland, 1997: The impact of Mount Pinatubo on world-wide temperatures. Int. J. Climatol., 16, no. 5, 487-497, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199605)16:5<487::AID-JOC39>3.0.CO;2-J.

We monitor and model the effects on world-wide temperatures of the June 1991 volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines. Global mean air temperatures were reduced, by up to 0.5°C at the surface and 0.6°C in the troposphere, for some months in mid-1992, in approximate accord with model predictions. Differences from these predictions occurred in the Northern Hemisphere winters of 1991-1992 and 1992-1993, as a result of atmospheric circulation changes that yielded continental surface warmings not fully reproduced by the model. The effects of the eruption were less evident by 1994. A superposed-epoch composite for five major tropical eruptions shows significant global post-eruption cooling at the surface when the effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation are removed from the data. Stratospheric warmth following Pinatubo lasted until early 1993 according to Microwave Sounding Unit data.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Parker, D. E. and Wilson, H. and Jones, P. D. and Christy, J. R. and Folland, C. K.},
  title={The impact of Mount Pinatubo on world-wide temperatures},
  journal={Int. J. Climatol.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - pa09400x
AU  - Parker, D. E.
AU  - Wilson, H.
AU  - Jones, P. D.
AU  - Christy, J. R.
AU  - Folland, C. K.
PY  - 1997
TI  - The impact of Mount Pinatubo on world-wide temperatures
JA  - Int. J. Climatol.
VL  - 16
IS  - 5
SP  - 487
EP  - 497
DO  - 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199605)16%3A5%3C487::AID-JOC39%3E3.0.CO;2-J
ER  -

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