Publication Abstracts

Orbe et al. 2024, in press

Orbe, C., D. Rind, D. Waugh, J. Jonas, X. Zhang, G. Chiodo, L. Nazarenko, and G.A. Schmidt, 2024: Coupled stratospheric ozone and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation feedbacks on the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude jet response to 4×CO2. J. Climate, in press, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0119.1.

Stratospheric ozone, and its response to anthropogenic forcings, provide an important pathway for the coupling between atmospheric composition and climate. In addition to stratospheric ozone's radiative impacts, recent studies have shown that changes in the ozone layer due to 4×CO2 have a considerable impact on the Northern Hemisphere (NH) tropospheric circulation, inducing an equatorward shift of the North Atlantic jet during boreal winter. Using simulations produced with the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) high-top climate model (E2.2) we show that this equatorward shift of the Atlantic jet can induce a more rapid weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). The weaker AMOC, in turn, results in an eastward acceleration and poleward shift of the Atlantic and Pacific jets, respectively, on longer timescales. As such, coupled feedbacks from both stratospheric ozone and the AMOC result in a two-timescale response of the NH midlatitude jet to abrupt 4×CO2 forcing: a "fast" response (5-20 years) during which it shifts equatorward and a "total" response (∼100-150 years) during which the jet shifts poleward. The latter is driven by a weakening of the AMOC that develops in response to weaker surface zonal winds, that result in reduced heat fluxes out of the subpolar gyre and reduced North Atlantic Deep Water formation. Our results suggest that stratospheric ozone changes in the lower stratosphere can have a surprisingly powerful effect on the AMOC, independent of other aspects of climate change.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{or06200a,
  author={Orbe, C. and Rind, D. and Waugh, D. and Jonas, J. and Zhang, X. and Chiodo, G. and Nazarenko, L. and Schmidt, G. A.},
  title={Coupled stratospheric ozone and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation feedbacks on the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude jet response to 4×CO2},
  year={2024},
  journal={Journal of Climate},
  doi={10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0119.1},
  note={Manuscript accepted for publication}
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - INPR
ID  - or06200a
AU  - Orbe, C.
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Waugh, D.
AU  - Jonas, J.
AU  - Zhang, X.
AU  - Chiodo, G.
AU  - Nazarenko, L.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
PY  - 2024
TI  - Coupled stratospheric ozone and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation feedbacks on the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude jet response to 4×CO2
JA  - J. Climate
JO  - Journal of Climate
DO  - 10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0119.1
ER  -

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