Publication Abstracts

Orbe et al. 2020

Orbe, C., K. Wargan, S. Pawson, and L.D. Oman, 2020: Mechanisms linked to recent ozone decreases in the Northern Hemisphere lower stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, no. 9, e2019JD031631, doi:10.1029/2019JD031631.

Previous studies have robustly identified a decrease since 1998 in lower stratospheric (LS) ozone in the Northern Hemisphere (NH). While this ozone decrease is qualitatively explained as resulting from changes in the large-scale circulation, there is not yet a quantitative mechanistic explanation of these changes. Here we explore the drivers of recent ozone changes using two different configurations of the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) general circulation model. The first configuration of GEOS includes a full chemistry module and is constrained with meteorological fields from the Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2). This configuration (M2GMI) is used to analyze an idealized tracer that covaries closely with ozone on interannual and decadal timescales, revealing that recent ozone decreases in the NH subtropics are associated with a poleward expansion of upwelling in the NH LS, with reduced (enhanced) downwelling over northern subtropics (midlatitudes). The second configuration of GEOS is a free-running version of the GEOS Chemistry-Climate Model (CCM) that is used to perform a ten-member ensemble of free-running simulations. Comparisons of the two configurations reveal that, while the free-running model can produce negative ozone changes in the NH LS, the magnitude of these changes is significantly weaker, relative to both M2GMI and MERRA-2; moreover, these weaker ozone decreases are consistent with weaker simulated changes in the residual circulation. Finally, we examine the GEOS model results in the broader context of the hindcast simulations performed as part of Phase 1 of the Chemistry Climate Modeling Initiative. We show that the majority of the free-running simulations considered here also exhibit weaker long-term residual circulation changes, compared to reanalyses.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Orbe, C. and Wargan, K. and Pawson, S. and Oman, L. D.},
  title={Mechanisms linked to recent ozone decreases in the Northern Hemisphere lower stratosphere},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - or00200u
AU  - Orbe, C.
AU  - Wargan, K.
AU  - Pawson, S.
AU  - Oman, L. D.
PY  - 2020
TI  - Mechanisms linked to recent ozone decreases in the Northern Hemisphere lower stratosphere
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 125
IS  - 9
SP  - e2019JD031631
DO  - 10.1029/2019JD031631
ER  -

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