Publication Abstracts

Oman et al. 2005

Oman, L., A. Robock, G. Stenchikov, G.A. Schmidt, and R. Ruedy, 2005: Climatic response to high-latitude volcanic eruptions. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D13103, doi:10.1029/2004JD005487.

Strong volcanic eruptions can inject large amounts of SO2 into the lower stratosphere, which over time, are converted into sulfate aerosols and have the potential to impact climate. Aerosols from tropical volcanic eruptions like the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption spread over the entire globe, whereas high-latitude eruptions typically have aerosols which remain in the hemisphere in which they where injected. This causes their largest radiative forcing to be extratropical, and the climate response should be different from that of tropical eruptions. We conducted a 20-member ensemble simulation of the climate response to the Katmai eruption (58°N) of 6 June 1912 using the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE climate model. We also produced an additional 20-member ensemble for a 3 times Katmai (3x Katmai) eruption to see the impact the strength of the eruption has on the radiative as well as the dynamical responses. The results of these simulations do not show a positive Arctic Oscillation response like past simulations of tropical volcanic eruptions, but we did find significant cooling over southern Asia during the boreal winter. The first winter following Katmai and the second winter following 3x Katmai showed strong similarities in lower stratospheric geopotential height anomalies and sea level pressure anomalies, which occurred when the two cases had similar optical depth perturbations. These simulations show that the radiative impact of a high-latitude volcanic eruption was much larger than the dynamical impact at high latitudes. In the boreal summer, however, strong cooling over the Northern Hemisphere landmasses caused a decrease in the Asian monsoon circulation with significant decreases of up to 10% in cloud cover and warming over northern India. Thus the main dynamical impact of high-latitude eruptions is in the summer over Asia.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Oman, L. and Robock, A. and Stenchikov, G. and Schmidt, G. A. and Ruedy, R.},
  title={Climatic response to high-latitude volcanic eruptions},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - om01000b
AU  - Oman, L.
AU  - Robock, A.
AU  - Stenchikov, G.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Ruedy, R.
PY  - 2005
TI  - Climatic response to high-latitude volcanic eruptions
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 110
SP  - D13103
DO  - 10.1029/2004JD005487
ER  -

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