Publication Abstracts

Obiso et al. 2024, accepted

Obiso, V., M. Gonçalves Ageitos, C. Pérez García-Pando, G.L. Schuster, S.E. Bauer, C. Di Biagio, P. Formenti, J.P. Perlwitz, K. Tsigaridis, and R.L. Miller, 2024: Observationally constrained regional variations of shortwave absorption by iron oxides emphasize the cooling effect of dust. Atmos. Chem. Phys., accepted.

The composition of soil dust aerosols derives from the mineral abundances in the parent soils that vary across dust source regions. Nonetheless, Earth System Models (ESMs) have traditionally represented mineral dust as a globally homogeneous species. The growing interest in modeling dust mineralogy, facilitated by the recognized sensitivity of the dust climate impacts to composition, has motivated state-of-the-art ESMs to incorporate the mineral speciation of dust along with its effect upon the dust direct radiative effect (DRE). In this work, we enable the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE2.1 to calculate the shortwave (SW) DRE by accounting for the regionally varying soil mineralogy. Mineral-radiation interaction at solar wavelengths is calculated according to two alternative coupling schemes: 1) external mixing of three mineral components that are optically distinguished, one of which contains embedded iron oxides; 2) a single internal mixture of all dust minerals with a dynamic fraction of iron oxides that varies regionally and temporally. We link dust absorption to the fractional mass of iron oxides based on recent chamber measurements using natural dust aerosol samples. We show that coupled mineralogy overall enhances the scattering by dust, and thus the global cooling, compared to our control run with globally uniform composition. According to the external mixing scheme, the SW DRE at the top of atmosphere (TOA) changes from -0.25 to -0.30 W/m2, corresponding to a change in the net DRE, including the longwave effect, from -0.08 to -0.12 W/m2. The cooling increase is accentuated when the internal mixing scheme is configured: SW DRE at TOA becomes -0.34 W/m2 (with a net DRE of -0.15 W/m2). The varying composition modifies the regional distribution of single scattering albedo (SSA), whose variations in specific regions can be remarkable (above 0.03) and significantly modify the regional DRE. Evaluation against the AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) shows that explicit representation of soil mineralogy and its regional variations reduces the low bias of model dust SSA, while improving the range of variability across stations and calendar months. Despite these improvements, the moderate spatio-temporal correlation with AERONET reveals remaining modeling challenges and the need for more accurate measurements of mineral fractions in soils.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Obiso, V. and Gonçalves Ageitos, M. and Pérez García-Pando, C. and Schuster, G. L. and Bauer, S. E. and Di Biagio, C. and Formenti, P. and Perlwitz, J. P. and Tsigaridis, K. and Miller, R. L.},
  title={Observationally constrained regional variations of shortwave absorption by iron oxides emphasize the cooling effect of dust},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ob06000g
AU  - Obiso, V.
AU  - Gonçalves Ageitos, M.
AU  - Pérez García-Pando, C.
AU  - Schuster, G. L.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Di Biagio, C.
AU  - Formenti, P.
AU  - Perlwitz, J. P.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Miller, R. L.
PY  - 2024
TI  - Observationally constrained regional variations of shortwave absorption by iron oxides emphasize the cooling effect of dust
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
ER  -

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