Publication Abstracts

Noble et al. 2014

Noble, E.U., L.M. Druyan, and M.B. Fulakeza, 2014: The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation. Mon. Weather Rev., 142, no. 4, 1588-1608, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1.

The performance of the NCAR Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) as a West African regional-atmospheric model is evaluated. The study tests the sensitivity of WRF-simulated vorticity maxima associated with African easterly waves to 64 combinations of alternative parameterizations in a series of simulations in September. In all, 104 simulations of 12-day duration during 11 consecutive years are examined. The 64 combinations combine WRF parameterizations of cumulus convection, radiation transfer, surface hydrology, and PBL physics. Simulated daily and mean circulation results are validated against NASA's Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) and NCEP/Department of Energy Global Reanalysis 2. Precipitation is considered in a second part of this two-part paper. A wide range of 700-hPa vorticity validation scores demonstrates the influence of alternative parameterizations. The best WRF performers achieve correlations against reanalysis of 0.40-0.60 and realistic amplitudes of spatiotemporal variability for the 2006 focus year while a parallel-benchmark simulation by the NASA Regional Model-3 (RM3) achieves higher correlations, but less realistic spatiotemporal variability. The largest favorable impact on WRF-vorticity validation is achieved by selecting the Grell-Devenyi cumulus convection scheme, resulting in higher correlations against reanalysis than simulations using the Kain-Fritch convection. Other parameterizations have less-obvious impact, although WRF configurations incorporating one surface model and PBL scheme consistently performed poorly. A comparison of reanalysis circulation against two NASA radiosonde stations confirms that both reanalyses represent observations well enough to validate the WRF results. Validation statistics for optimized WRF configurations simulating the parallel period during 10 additional years are less favorable than for 2006.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

@article{no07000w,
  author={Noble, E. U. and Druyan, L. M. and Fulakeza, M. B.},
  title={The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation},
  year={2014},
  journal={Mon. Weather Rev.},
  volume={142},
  number={4},
  pages={1588--1608},
  doi={10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1},
}

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - no07000w
AU  - Noble, E. U.
AU  - Druyan, L. M.
AU  - Fulakeza, M. B.
PY  - 2014
TI  - The sensitivity of WRF daily summertime simulations over West Africa to alternative parameterizations. Part 1: African wave circulation
JA  - Mon. Weather Rev.
VL  - 142
IS  - 4
SP  - 1588
EP  - 1608
DO  - 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00194.1
ER  -

[ Close ]

➤ Return to 2014 Publications

➤ Return to Publications Homepage