Publication Abstracts

Naud et al. 2013

Naud, C.M., Y.-H. Chen, I. Rangwala, and J.R. Miller, 2013: Sensitivity of downward longwave surface radiation to moisture and cloud changes in a high elevation region. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, no. 17, 10072-10081, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50644.

Several studies have suggested enhanced rates of warming in high-elevation regions since the latter half of the twentieth century. One of the potential reasons why enhanced rates of warming might occur at high elevations is the nonlinear relationship between downward longwave radiation (DLR) and specific humidity (q). Using ground-based observations at a high-elevation site in southwestern Colorado and coincident satellite-borne cloud retrievals, the sensitivity of DLR to changes in q and cloud properties is examined and quantified using a neural network method. It is also used to explore how the sensitivity of DLR to q (dDLR/dq) is affected by cloud properties. When binned by season, dDLR/dq is maximum in winter and minimum in summer for both clear and cloudy skies. However, the cloudy-sky sensitivities are smaller, primarily because (1) for both clear and cloudy skies dDLR/dq is proportional to 1/q, for q > 0.5 g/kg, and (2) the seasonal values of q are on average larger in the cloudy-sky cases than in clear-sky cases. For a given value of q, dDLR/dq is slightly reduced in the presence of clouds and this reduction increases as q increases. In addition, DLR is found to be more sensitive to changes in cloud fraction when cloud fraction is large. In the limit of overcast skies, DLR sensitivity to optical thickness decreases as clouds become more opaque. These results are based on only one high-elevation site, so the conclusions here need to be tested at other high-elevation locations.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{na06200x,
  author={Naud, C. M. and Chen, Y.-H. and Rangwala, I. and Miller, J. R.},
  title={Sensitivity of downward longwave surface radiation to moisture and cloud changes in a high elevation region},
  year={2013},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},
  volume={118},
  number={17},
  pages={10072--10081},
  doi={10.1002/jgrd.50644},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - na06200x
AU  - Naud, C. M.
AU  - Chen, Y.-H.
AU  - Rangwala, I.
AU  - Miller, J. R.
PY  - 2013
TI  - Sensitivity of downward longwave surface radiation to moisture and cloud changes in a high elevation region
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 118
IS  - 17
SP  - 10072
EP  - 10081
DO  - 10.1002/jgrd.50644
ER  -

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