Publication Abstracts

Mortimer et al. 2020

Mortimer, C., L. Mudryk, C. Derksen, K. Luojus, R. Brown, R. Kelly, and M. Tedesco, 2020: Evaluation of long term Northern Hemisphere snow water equivalent products. The Cryosphere, 14, no. 5, 1579-1594, doi:10.5194/tc-14-1579-2020.

Nine gridded Northern Hemisphere snow water equivalent (SWE) products were evaluated as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Satellite Snow Product Intercomparison and Evaluation Exercise (SnowPEx). Three categories of datasets were assessed: (1) those utilizing some form of reanalysis (the NASA Global Land Data Assimilation System version 2 — GLDAS-2; the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) interim land surface reanalysis — ERA-Interim/Land and ERA5; the NASA Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications version 1 (MERRA) and version 2 (MERRA-2); the Crocus snow model driven by ERA-Interim meteorology — Crocus); (2) passive microwave remote sensing combined with daily surface snow depth observations (ESA GlobSnow v2.0); and (3) stand-alone passive microwave retrievals (NASA AMSR-E SWE versions 1.0 and 2.0) which do not utilize surface snow observations. Evaluation included validation against independent snow course measurements from Russia, Finland, and Canada and product intercomparison through the calculation of spatial and temporal correlations in SWE anomalies. The stand-alone passive microwave SWE products (AMSR-E v1.0 and v2.0 SWE) exhibit low spatial and temporal correlations to other products and RMSE nearly double the best performing product. Constraining passive microwave retrievals with surface observations (GlobSnow) provides performance comparable to the reanalysis-based products; RMSE over Finland and Russia for all but the AMSR-E products is ∼50 mm or less, with the exception of ERA-Interim/Land over Russia. Using a seven-dataset ensemble that excluded the stand-alone passive microwave products reduced the RMSE by 10 mm (20%) and increased the correlation from 0.67 to 0.78 compared to any individual product. The overall performance of the best multiproduct combinations is still at the margins of acceptable uncertainty for scientific and operational requirements; only through combined and integrated improvements in remote sensing, modeling, and observations will real progress in SWE product development be achieved.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Mortimer, C. and Mudryk, L. and Derksen, C. and Luojus, K. and Brown, R. and Kelly, R. and Tedesco, M.},
  title={Evaluation of long term Northern Hemisphere snow water equivalent products},
  journal={The Cryosphere},

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RIS Citation

ID  - mo07200b
AU  - Mortimer, C.
AU  - Mudryk, L.
AU  - Derksen, C.
AU  - Luojus, K.
AU  - Brown, R.
AU  - Kelly, R.
AU  - Tedesco, M.
PY  - 2020
TI  - Evaluation of long term Northern Hemisphere snow water equivalent products
JA  - The Cryosphere
VL  - 14
IS  - 5
SP  - 1579
EP  - 1594
DO  - 10.5194/tc-14-1579-2020
ER  -

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