Publication Abstracts

Morrison et al. 2011

Morrison, H., P. Zuidema, A.S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, G. de Boer, J. Fan, A.M. Fridlind, T. Hashino, J.Y. Harrington, Y. Luo, M. Ovchinnikov, and B. Shipway, 2011: Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 3, M06003, doi:10.1029/2011MS000066.

An intercomparison of six cloud-resolving and large-eddy simulation models is presented. This case study is based on observations of a persistent mixed-phase boundary layer cloud gathered on 7 May, 1998 from the Surface Heat Budget of Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) and First ISCCP Regional Experiment - Arctic Cloud Experiment (FIRE-ACE). Ice nucleation is constrained in the simulations in a way that holds the ice crystal concentration approximately fixed, with two sets of sensitivity runs in addition to the baseline simulations utilizing different specified ice nucleus (IN) concentrations. All of the baseline and sensitivity simulations group into two distinct quasi-steady states associated with either persistent mixed-phase clouds or all-ice clouds after the first few hours of integration, implying the existence of multiple equilibria. These two states are associated with distinctly different microphysical, thermodynamic, and radiative characteristics. Most but not all of the models produce a persistent mixed-phase cloud qualitatively similar to observations using the baseline IN/crystal concentration, while small increases in the IN/crystal concentration generally lead to rapid glaciation and conversion to the all-ice state. Budget analysis indicates that larger ice deposition rates associated with increased IN/crystal concentrations have a limited direct impact on dissipation of liquid in these simulations. However, the impact of increased ice deposition is greatly enhanced by several interaction pathways that lead to an increased surface precipitation flux, weaker cloud top radiative cooling and cloud dynamics, and reduced vertical mixing, promoting rapid glaciation of the mixed-phase cloud for deposition rates in the cloud layer greater than about 1-2×10-5 g kg-1 s-1. These results indicate the critical importance of precipitation-radiative-dynamical interactions in simulating cloud phase, which have been neglected in previous fixed-dynamical parcel studies of the cloud phase parameter space. Large sensitivity to the IN/crystal concentration also suggests the need for improved understanding of ice nucleation and its parameterization in models.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Morrison, H. and Zuidema, P. and Ackerman, A. S. and Avramov, A. and de Boer, G. and Fan, J. and Fridlind, A. M. and Hashino, T. and Harrington, J. Y. and Luo, Y. and Ovchinnikov, M. and Shipway, B.},
  title={Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - mo00100w
AU  - Morrison, H.
AU  - Zuidema, P.
AU  - Ackerman, A. S.
AU  - Avramov, A.
AU  - de Boer, G.
AU  - Fan, J.
AU  - Fridlind, A. M.
AU  - Hashino, T.
AU  - Harrington, J. Y.
AU  - Luo, Y.
AU  - Ovchinnikov, M.
AU  - Shipway, B.
PY  - 2011
TI  - Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
VL  - 3
SP  - M06003
DO  - 10.1029/2011MS000066
ER  -

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